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Zhuang, Yongnan

A language of China

ISO 639-3zyn

Population  1,800,000 in China (2000 J. Edmondson). About 50% monolingual. Population total all countries: 1,810,000.
Region  South Guangxi, south Yongning, Longan, Fusui, Shangsi, Qinzhou and Fangcheng counties; some in Jingxi County; Yunnan, Funing County. Also in Viet Nam.
Language maps  Southern China, reference number 51
Southwestern China
Alternate names   Bou Rau, Long An, Long’an, Nung An, Southern Zhuang, Yongnan Vernacular of the Southern Dialect of the Zhuang Language, Zhuangyu nanbu fangyan Yongnan tuyu
Dialects  Most similar languages are Zuojiang Zhuang [zzj] (Nung Chao), Yongbei Zhuang [zyb], Yang Zhuang [zyg] (Nung Giang), and other Nung languages of Viet Nam. Lexical similarity: 70% between Nong [zhn], Yang [zyg], Yongnan [zyn], Zuojiang [zzj], and Dai [zhd], 65% with Northern Zhuang [ccx].
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Central
A member of macrolanguage Zhuang [zha] (China).
Language use  Vigorous. All domains, especially in rural homes when no outsiders are present. Many are partially or fully bilingual in one or more dialects of Chinese and often use them in business, education, government, market and other domains. All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].
Comments  Classified as official Zhuang nationality. Traditional religion, Daoist.

Also spoken in:

Viet Nam

Language name   Zhuang, Yongnan
Population  10,000 (2000 J. Edmondson). About 50% are monolingual. Ethnic population: There were over 850,000 Nung nationality people in Viet Nam in 2000.
Region  Cao Bang Province, Quang Ha District, Phuc Sen village; Doan Khon, Quoc Phong, Quoc Dan, Chi Thao, and Tu Do communes 37 km from Cao Bang City; Ha Quang District, Noi Thon Commune; Ba Be District, Cao Che Commune.
Alternate names  Long An, Long’an, Southern Zhuang, The Yongnan Vernacular of the Southern Dialect of the Zhuang Language, Zhuangyu nanbu fangyan Yongnan tuyu
Language use  Vigorous. All domains. All ages.
Comments  Part of Nung nationality. Agriculturalists; animal husbandry. Traditional religion, Daoist.
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