Nicaragua Creole English


A language of Nicaragua

Alternate Names
Mískito Coast Creole English

30,000 (2001 SIL). 630 Rama Cay Creole speakers (Holm 1989). L2 users: L1 of Creole people and most Garifuna.


Autonomous Region of the South Atlantic, Bluefields region, Rama Cay island, Pearl lagoon, Prinzapolka, Puerto Cabezas, and Corn islands.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in northern and southern areas (1993, Atlantic Coast Languages Act No. 162, Article 4).


Bluefields Creole English, Rama Cay Creole English.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Garifuna [cab], Mískito [miq], Rama [rma], Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1999.
Other Comments

There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated.