Arabic, Moroccan Spoken


A language of Morocco

Alternate Names
Colloquial Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Maghribi, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Colloquial Arabic, Moroccan Dareja, Moroccan Darija, Moroccan Dereja

18,800,000 in Morocco (1995). Population total all countries: 21,048,900. L2 users: 5,000,000 in Morocco.


Widespread, south of Atlas Mountains, including Sahara port cities.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.


Fez, Jebli (Jbala, Jebelia), Marrakech, Meknes, Oujda, Rabat-Casablanca Arabic, Southern Morocco Arabic, Tangier. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].


SVO; prepositions; genitives, adjectives, relatives after noun heads; articles and numerals before noun heads; question word initial; prefixes 3. suffixes 4; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject, object-obligatory; CCVCC; nontonal.

Language Use

Some in the north also use Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Central Atlas Tamazight [tzm], Ghomara [gho], Tachelhit [shi].

Language Development
NT: 1932–2012.

Arabic script [Arab].

Other Comments

Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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