A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Abá, Avá, Awana, Canoa, Canoe, Canoeiros

14 (Moore 2006). 14 monolinguals. All speakers are monolingual. Ethnic population: 46 (2009 ISA).


Tocantins State, island of Bananal, and upper Tocantins river valley; Goiás State, Terra Indigena Ava-Canoeiro.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


The groups in Tocantins and Goias speak different dialects, and have lived apart for over 100 years.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%.
Other Comments

Seminomadic. The group in Tocantins, contacted in 1974, has 12 people. An estimated 15 remain uncontacted. The other group in Goias, contacted in 1983 has 9 people, with an estimated 10 remaining uncontacted. Traditional religion.