Azerbaijani, North


A language of Azerbaijan

Alternate Names
Azerbaijan, Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk

6,100,000 in Azerbaijan (2007 census). Population total all countries: 7,313,660. 4,000,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,230,000. L2 users: 8,000,000 in Azerbaijan.

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 21(1)).


Airym, Baku, Borcala, Derbend, Ganja, Karapapak, Lenkaran, Nakhchivan, Nukha, Ordubad, Qabala, Qazakh, Quba, Qyzylbash, Salyan, Shamakhi, Shusha (Karabakh), Terekeme, Yerevan, Zaqatala (Mugaly). Slight dialect differences. Qazakh dialect is not related to Kazakh [kaz]. Significant differences from South Azerbaijani [azb] in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords. A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: High. Taught as L2 in Russian language schools. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1891–2004.

Arabic script [Arab], used until 1920s. Braille script [Brai]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], widely used in Armenia. Latin script [Latn], official script in Azerbaijan since 1992.

Other Comments

North and South Azerbaijani are spoken by 1 ethnic group. Each language group is reluctant to accept the written form of the other. Muslim (Shi’a), Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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