A language of India

Alternate Names
Bhotia, Byangkho Lwo, Byangkhopa, Byanshi, Byansi, Jaba, Rang, Saukas, Shaukas

2,830 in India (2000). Population total all countries: 3,310. 0 monolinguals.


Uttarakhand, Pithoragarh district, Darchula and Munsyari tahsils, Kuthi Yangti river valley in the Himalayas on Tibet and Nepal borders. Byangs Patti from Budi south to Kuti village in the north; includes Nabi, Gunji, Napalchyu, Rongkang, and Garbyang villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Kuti, Pangjungkho Boli, Yerjungkhu Boli. Dialects of Byangs, Chaudangs and Darma valleys are unintelligible to each other (Sharma 1994). Those in Kuti (India) and Tinkar (Nepal) are closely related and quite different from those in other Byangsi villages. Tinkar variety differs from Byangsi, Chaudangsi [cdn], and Darmiya [drd] in forms of agreement affixes and basic vocabulary. Minor dialect differences correspond to geographical divisions (Sharma 2001).

Language Use

Home, community. High level of bilingualism in Hindi [hin]. Hindi is education medium. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], Kumaoni [kfy], Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar.

Devanagari script [Deva], recently developed.

Other Comments

Cultural center seems to be India. Ranglo or Rang often used as a cover term for Byangs, Chaudangs, Darmiya and Rongpo. Some borrowing from Indo-Aryan. Hindu.

Also spoken in:

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