Bozo, Jenaama


A language of Mali

Alternate Names
Boso, Corogaama, Djenaama, Nononke, Sarkanci, Sarkawa, Sorko, Sorogaama

197,000 in Mali (2003 SIL), increasing.


Mopti region: Djenné circle, upstream on Niger river, Mopti circle, downstream on Niger river, into Youwarou circle, Tenenkou and Youwarou circles; Ségou region: Niger river, upstream from Mopti.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Débo, Korondougou, Kotya (Kotyaxo), Pondori. Lexical similarity: 53%–76% with Tieyaxo Bozo [boz] (most similar).

Language Use

Nononke and Somono who live in the same area speak Jenaama as L1. All ages. Positive attitudes. Northern dialect speakers have some proficiency in a Songai or Fulfulde variety; southern dialects in Bambara [bam]. Used as L2 by Bangime [dba].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Bible portions: 2008.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Sorogo (sg.), Sorogoye (pl.); glossonym: Sorogama, language of the Bozo. The Bambara term Boso refers to the entire ethnic group. Nononkes are often also called Marka or dry Marka, referring to the fact that they were originally Soninke or Malinke but no longer speak their language. Somono ethnic autonym: Komuo (sg.), Kombye (pl.). Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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