A language of United States

Alternate Names
French Cree, Mitchif

75 in United States (2010 census), decreasing. Population total all countries: 725. L2 users: 0 in United States.


North Dakota, Turtle Mountain Reservation.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


None known. Reportedly most similar to Plains Cree [crk]. Several varieties in Canada.

Language Use

Taught for decades at Turtle Mountain Community College in Belcourt, North Dakota (Golla 2007). Speakers 70 and older. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Spoken by some descendants of the children of Indian women and French fur traders.

Also spoken in:

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