A language of Ghana

Alternate Names
Ebwe, Efe, Eibe, Eue, Eve, Gbe, Krepe, Krepi, Popo, Vhe

2,250,000 in Ghana (2003), increasing. Population total all countries: 3,112,000. L2 users: 500,000 in Ghana.


Volta region: easternmost Greater Accra; Eastern region: Askuma town area, west of Lake Volta. Southeast corner.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Recognized language (1951, Laws of the Gold Coast, Vernacular Literature Board Ordinance, as amended by Ordinance No. 44).


Anglo (Anlo), Awuna, Hudu, Kotafoa. Westernmost language of the Gbe language subgroup.


Whistle speech reported.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Akposo [kpo], Avatime [avn], Logba [lgq], Nawdm [nmz], Nkonya [nko], Nyangbo [nyb], Sekpele [lip], Selee [snw], Tafi [tcd], Tuwuli [bov].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 30%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1911–2011.

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], used since 1850s, primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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