A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Pahouin, Pamue, Pangwe

589,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2013 S. Smith), increasing. Population total all countries: 1,081,900. L2 users: 35,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2013 S. Smith).


Widespread. Centro Sur, Kié-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas provinces.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).Used as LWC in continental Equatorial Guinea (the area previously known as Rio Muni). Used in church, market, business, media, and music. It became a LWC by virtue of its dominant status as mother tongue of 85% of the country’s population.


Ntumu, Okak. Intelligible with Bulu [bum] and Ewondo [ewo] in the Beti language subgroup. More similar to Bulu [bum] than Ewondo [ewo].

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Very positive attitudes. 30% also use French [fra]. Also use Equatorial Guinean Pidgin [fpe], Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Bube [bvb], Equatorial Guinean Pidgin [fpe], Fa d’Ambu [fab], Kombe [nui], Kwasio [nmg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Few read Fang. Literacy rate in L2: 77% in Spanish. Poetry. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2014.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1995.

Other Comments

Ethnic groups are Okak and Ntumu. Known as warriors of the jungle. Their knowledge of jungle plants, animals, and survival is legendary. Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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