A language of Spain

Alternate Names
Galego, Gallego

2,340,000 in Spain (European Commission 2012). Population total all countries: 2,355,000.


Galicia and western Asturias autonomous communities; Castille and Leon autonomous community, western Leon and Zamora provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Galicia Autonomous Community (1981, Autonomy Statute, Act 1 of 6 April, Article 5).


Galician is reportedly between Portuguese [por] and Spanish [spa], but is more similar to Portuguese, which has about 85% intelligibility (1989 R. Hall). Many dialects.

Language Use

Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Academy of the Galician Language. Decades of development as literary language, including poetry and essays for all levels of education. Poetry. Bible: 1989–1992.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Growing sense of ethnic identity.

Also spoken in:

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