A language of India

Alternate Names
Garrow, Mande, Mandi

889,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 1,009,000.


Meghalaya, Garo Hills district; West Assam, Goalpara, Kamrup, and Karbi Anglong districts; Nagaland, Kohima district; Tripura, South Tripura district, Udaipur subdivision; North Tripura district, Kamalpur, Kailasahar subdivisions; West Tripura district, Sadar subdivision; West Bengal, Jalpaiguri and Koch Bihar districts.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Meghalaya State (1950, Constitution, Articles 347), unscheduled language.


A’beng (A’bengya, Am’beng), A’chick (A’chik, A’we, Chisak, Dual, Matchi), Dacca, Ganching, Kamrup. A’chick is the standardized dialect in India. A’beng dialect used in Bangladesh, but is not mutually intelligible. Reportedly most similar to Koch [kdq].

Language Use

Awe dialect, spoken in Assam, has few remaining speakers. Most use standard Garo. Used as L2 by Atong [aot], Hajong [haj], Koch [kdq], Lyngngam [lyg], Rabha [rah], Ruga [ruh].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 55% for Meghalaya (2001 census). General level of education is low compared to Khasi [kha]. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Films. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1924–1994.

Bengali script [Beng]. Braille script [Brai], used since 1998. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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