Hindustani, Sarnami


A language of Suriname

Alternate Names
Caribbean Hindustani

150,000 in Suriname (1986). Population total all countries: 165,600. Ethnic population: 160,000 (2003).


North coast, Saramacca District.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Sarnami Hindustani (Aili Gaili, Sarnami Hindi), Trinidad Bhojpuri. Reportedly more similar to Bhojpuri [bho] than Hindi [hin]. Similar dialect to Trinidad-Tobago.

Language Use

All domains, except education. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Dutch [nld], Sranan [srn]. Used as L2 by Dutch [nld].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Films. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1997–2010.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Based on Bhojpuri [bho], with influences from Awadhi [awa], and loans from Sranan [srn], Dutch [nld], and English [eng]. Hindu, Christian, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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