Kharia Thar


A language of India


25,000 (2007 SIL). Ethnic population: 25,500 (2007 SIL).


West Bengal, Purulia district, Bundwan, Manbazar, Purulia Muffasil, Puncha, Balrampur, Barabazar, and Hura blocks; Bankura district, Raipur, Ranibandh, and Indpur blocks; West Medinipur district, Binpur block; Jharkhand, East Singhbhum district, Potka, Dhalbhumgarh, Ghatsila, Musabani, Dumaria, and Chakulia blocks; a few in West Singhbhum district.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


A Western subdialect of Bengali [ben] (Grierson and Konow 1903–1928). Lexical similarity: 57%–90% among varieties of Kharia Thar, 53%–63% with Bengali [ben], 51%–67% with Oriya [ory], 57%–75% with Lodhi [lbm].

Language Use

Spoken by some Hill Kharia. Ethnic Hill Kharia in Odisha speak Oriya [ory] as L1. Many in Jharkhand and West Bengal speak Bengali [ben] as L1. Home, village, private prayer. Most also use Bengal [ben] in outside domains. Also use Hindi [hin], Oriya [ory], Santhali [sat].

Other Comments

Ethnonym: Kheria, Erenga, or Pahari. Ethnic autonym: Sabar. Traditional religion.