A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Anak Dalam, Orang Hutan, Orang Rimba

10,000 (1989).


Sumatra, Jambi Province, Sarolangun and Batang Hari regencies, 2 enclaves, eastern swamp region; Sumatera Selatan Province, Musi Banyuasin regency.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Bajat, Dawas, Jambi, Lalang, Nomadic Kubu, Ridan, Supat, Tungkal, Tungkal Ilir, Ulu Lako. Related to Lubu [lcf]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Language Use

For Kubu living in settled villages, L1 already replaced in all domains outside the home; for Kubu in Jambi areas (more isolated and less sedentary), the vitality is higher. Home. All ages. Positive attitudes. Villagers use Indonesian [ind] or another trade language for education, religion, civic, with other ethnic groups.

Other Comments

Territory rapidly shrinking, somewhat due to deforestation. Traditional religion, Muslim.