Kalinga, Butbut


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names

15,000 (2008), increasing. 1,000 monolinguals.


Northern Luzon, Kalinga Province, Cordillera Region, Tinglayan and Butbut; Buscalan, Bugnay, Loccong, and Ngibat; Tabuk city, Lucnang, Pakak, Kataw, and Dinongsay; Rizal Province, Annenang, Malapiat, Andaraya, and Bua.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


None known. 72% intelligibility of Limos Kalinga [kmk]; 44% of Ilocano [ilo]; 70% of Guinaang [knb], 47% of Tanudan [kml], 74% of Bangad (Southern) Kalinga [ksc]. Lexical similarity: 82% with Southern Kalinga, 78% with Guinaang and Tanudan.


VSO; prepositions; genitives before noun heads; articles normally before adjectives, numerals, and noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects and indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Home, community, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. 14,000 also use Ilocano [ilo]. Acquired through school, travel, media, and use in church.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 98%. Taught in primary schools. Poetry. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2012.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.