Mari, Meadow


A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Cheremis, Eastern Mari, Low Mari, Lugovo Mari, Mari, Mari-Woods

470,000 in Russian Federation (2012 T. Salminen). Population total all countries: 479,090. Ethnic population: 548,000 (2010 census).


Mariy-El Republic: Bashkortostan, Sverdlovskaya Oblast’, Kirovskaya Oblast’, and Permskiy Kray; east of the Volga.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Grassland Mari (Meadow Mari, Sernur-Morkin, Volga, Yoshkar-Olin). A member of macrolanguage Mari [chm].

Language Use

Many children learn the language but only those in remote rural areas continue to use it actively. In eastern diaspora areas in Bashkortostan practically all children learn the language (Salminen 2007). Also use Russian [rus]. Used as L2 by Hill Mari [mrj].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Newspapers. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1986–2007.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In many publications the term, Eastern Mari, is reserved for the diaspora groups outside the Republic. Christian, traditional religion.