Makian, East


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Makian Dalam, Makian Timur

20,000. 18,000 or more in East Makian, 2,000 or more in Kayoa (1983 SIL).


Maluku Utara Province; South Halmahera island, west coast; nearby east Makian and south Mori islands; Kayoa, Bacan, and Obi islands. Transmigration project near Kao.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


East Makian, Kayoa (Kajoa). Similar to Gane [gzn].

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%.
Other Comments

A volcanic eruption on Makian Island, transmigrations, speakers of other languages in the area and pressure from those languages have taken a toll on vitality. Muslim.