A language of China

Alternate Names
Ai Nan

30,000 (GXLOUS 2005), decreasing. A few thousand women and children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 107,000 (2000 census).


North central Guangxi, Huanjiang Maonan autonomous county, Xianan area: Yishan, Nandan, Yizhou; a few in Hechi and Du’an counties; small border area, south central Guizhou Province.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Maonan.


SVO; numbers and adjectives follow nouns; reduplication; glottalized, prenasalized, palatalized, and labialized onsets; nasal and stop finals; many Chinese loans; tonal, 6 tone categories in unchecked syllables, 2 in checked (split into 4 according to vowel length).

Language Use

75% use it at home; 62% use it outside the home; 72% speak it to their children (GXLOUS 2005). Positive attitudes. Also use Chinese [cmn] or other local languages. More than 90% are bilingual or trilingual (GXLOUS 2005).

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 93% (2000 census, Manon nationality). Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Grammar.

Han script, Simplified variant [Hans]. Han script, Traditional variant [Hant].

Other Comments

Daoist, Christian.