A language of Canada

Alternate Names

540 in Canada (2011 census). Population total all countries: 3,540. Ethnic population: 24,000 (1999 SIL). L2 users: Several hundred L2 speakers.


Ontario, the Six Nations Reserve, south, the Tyendinaga Reserve on the Bay of Quinte near Kingston, and a small settlement at Gibson east of Georgian Bay; Quebec, Caughnawaga and Oka in the vicinity of Montreal.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

Immersion schools in Caughnawaga, Oka, on the Six Nations Reserve (Golla 2007). Mostly older adults but a few children are native speakers. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1787–2004.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Kanien’kehaka is name for Mohawk people.

Also spoken in:

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