A language of Papua New Guinea

Alternate Names
Ebadidi, Fagululu, Morima, Salakahadi

4,010 (2000 census), increasing.


Milne Bay Province, Esa’ala district, west Fergusson island, Salakahadi, Ebadidi, and Ni’ubuo area inland villages; central west coast, Fagululu; central south coast, Molima.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Ai’alu, Tola’ai, Tosila’ai. Tola’ai most prominent; Ai’alu mainly spoken in Fagululu; Tosila’ai is from remote mountains and is shifting to Tola’ai. Lexical similarity: 56% with Dobu [dob].


SOV (shifts to OSV or SVO depending on focus); mostly postpositions.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. 20% also use Dobu [dob]. Mainly men, including church and community leaders, traders, and travelers.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Adults 30%; children 7–12 yrs. 80%. Literacy rate in L2: 20%. Taught in primary schools, attended by almost 90% of children. Poetry. New media. NT: 2010.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Molima refers to the south coast, but sometimes to the whole area; Ebadidi, Salakahadi, Ni’ubuo and Fagululu refer to local areas. Traditional religion, Christian.