Ngbandi, Northern

Alternate Names
Baza, Mongwandi, Ngwandi

250,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (2000 SIL). Population total all countries: 250,290. 75,000 monolinguals.


Equateur province: Nord-Ubangi district, Businga, Mobayi-Mbanza and Yakoma territories; Orientale province: Bondo territory.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


2 dialects, about equal in size. Sango [sag] is derived from Ngbandi.

Language Use

Vigorous. Some speakers of other languages use it for trade in border areas. All domains. Oral use in some churches. Oral literature. Positive attitudes. 70% also use Lingala [lin]. Used as L2 by Bolondo [bzm], Pagibete [pae], Yango [yng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 8%. 20,000 read; 5,000 can write. NT: 1988.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ethnic groups: Abasango, Bwato, Mbaati, and Nzomboy (Monjomboli). Christian.