Paiute, Northern


A language of United States

Alternate Names

700 (Golla 2007), decreasing. Plus 400 semispeakers (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 6,000 (1999 SIL).


North Nevada and adjacent areas of Oregon, California, and Idaho. About 20 reservations spread over 1,610 square km.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Bannock, North Northern Paiute (Mcdermitt), South Northern Paiute (Yerington-Schurz). Related to Mono [mnr]. Most reservations have their own dialect.

Language Use

Greatest use in McDermitt. Speakers 60 and older, except at Fort McDermitt with 20–30% of the children acquiring it as L1.

Language Development
Informal language programs in Owens Valley Paiute, language classes, written materials for Gidutikad band. Language programs in several communities but no immersion schools. Have increased awareness but made no new fluent speakers. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1985–2012.

Latin script [Latn].