Malay, Papuan


A language of Indonesia


500,000 (2007 SIL), increasing. L1 and L2 speakers combined. L2 users: 500,000 L1 and L2 speakers combined.


Papua Province.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).LWC in Papua Province. Used in market, some business, and in situations where ethnic groups are mixed (market, sports, etc.) and in government offices. Became an LWC through trade.


None known. Reportedly similar to both Ambonese Malay [abs] and Manado Malay [xmm].

Language Use

Growing number of L1 speakers, who express a strong preference for their Malay variety over Indonesian [ind] or other regional varieties. All domains except religion, government or education. All ages. Positive attitudes. Most also use Indonesian [ind] or a vernacular language or both. Used as L2 by Beneraf [bnv], Berik [bkl], Betaf [bfe], Bonggo [bpg], Dabe [dbe], Dao [daz], Dineor [mrx], Emem [enr], Fedan [pdn], Jofotek-Bromnya [jbr], Kaptiau [kbi], Kayagar [kyt], Kimki [sbt], Kirikiri [kiy], Kowiai [kwh], Kwinsu [kuc], Liki [lio], Mawes [mgk], Mo [wkd], Morori [mok], Nakai [nkj], Namla [naa], Nimboran [nir], Orya [ury], Skou [skv], Sobei [sob], Sowari [dmy], Sunum [ymn], Tangko [tkx], Tarpia [tpf], Tebi [dmu], Tobati [tti], Towei [ttn], Usku [ulf], Viid [snu], Vitou [vto], Warembori [wsa], Yei [jei], Zorop [wfg].

Language Development
Papuan Malay used unofficially in many school settings. Films. Grammar.