A language of Myanmar

Alternate Names

800,000 in Myanmar (2012). Due to unrest, numbers are very uncertain. Population total all countries: 1,800,000.


North Rakhine State, Maungdaw and Buthidaung townships; Sittwe and Rathedaung townships.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Not much contact between dialect groups living in different townships; intelligibility situation is not clear. Dialects differ by river valleys.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Those with education are literate in Burmese [mya]. 750,000 also use Rakhine [rki]. Used as L2 by Rakhine [rki].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%.

Arabic script [Arab]. Latin script [Latn]. Rohingya Hanifi script [Qabp], some development in immigrant communities for all three scripts.

Other Comments

About 1,000,000 refugees went to Bangladesh in recent years, the majority of whom have dispersed to other countries. Most refugees in UNHCR-controlled camps in Bangladesh were repatriated back to Myanmar, but many of these have returned to Bangladesh unofficially.

Also spoken in:

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