Sama, Balangingih


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Baangingi’, Balanguingui, Bangingi, Bangingih Sama, Northern Sama, Sama Bangingih, Samal

80,000 in Philippines (2007). Population total all countries: 85,000.


Western Mindanao, Sulu archipelago northeast of Jolo, Zamboanga coast peninsula and islands and Basilan island. Northern Sama dialect: Luzon, White Beach near Subic bay; Lutangan dialect: Olutangga island. Possibly on Luzon and Palawan.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Balangingi, Daongdung, Kabinga’an, Lutangan (Lutango), Sibuco-Vitali (Sibuku), Sibuguey (Batuan). Most Lutangan understand Bangingih Sama, the prestige dialect. Intelligibility of Central Sama [sml] 71%, 83% of Lutangan, 85% of Sibuco-Vitali. Lexical similarity: 77% with Lutangan, 75% with Sibuco-Vitali.


SVO to introduce a topic, thereafter VSO; prepositions; gender not marked; ergative; nontonal; CVC, CV, VC; 17 consonant phonemes and 5 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, community. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Chavacano [cbk], English [eng], Filipino [fil], Tausug [tsg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 40%–45%. Most urban men are literate. Videos. Grammar. Bible portions: 1979–2009.

Arabic script [Arab], plans for future development using this script. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Balangingi is the prestige dialect of Northern Sama. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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