Subanon, Western


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names

125,000 (2011 SIL).


Mindanao, Zamboanga del Norte Province facing Sulu sea, from Labason town to southern border, mostly inland, on western slopes, Zamboanga Peninsula; Zamboanga Sibugay Province, Ipil, Rosseler T Lim, and Tungawan municipalities, eastern slopes of peninsula.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Siocon, Western Kolibugan (Western Kalibugan). Lexical similarity: 89% between Siocon and Western Kolibugan dialects.


VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals before noun heads; relatives before noun heads, and relatives without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 2 maximum prefixes, 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects and indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CCV, CCVV, CVVC; nontonal.

Language Use

All ages.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 39%. Literacy rate in L2: 39%. Multilingual education pilot program. Poetry. NT: 1996.

Latin script [Latn].

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