A language of Turkmenistan

Alternate Names
Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans

3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Population total all countries: 7,561,110. Ethnic population: 3,470,000 (1995).

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13).


Anauli, Cawdur, Esari, Goklen, Khasarli, Nerezim, Nokhurli, Salyr, Saryq, Teke (Tekke), Yomud.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Poetry. Magazines. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1880–2005.

Arabic script [Arab], used in Afghanistan and Iran. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Turkmenistan, not used in Afghanistan. Latin script [Latn], official usage in Turkmenistan since 1991.

Other Comments

Turkmen in Syria, and possibly Iraq and Jordan, actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen; so-called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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