19th Edition



A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Bisayan Declarado, Bisayan Diklaradu, Bisayan-Eskaya, Eskaya’, Ineskaya, Iniskaya, Iskaya’

No known L1 speakers. L2 users: 500 (2013 P. Kelly). Ethnic population: 3,000 (2013 P. Kelly).


Central Visayas, Bohol (island) Province, Cadapdapan, Biabas, Lundag, Taytay, and Canta-ub villages.

Language Status

9 (Dormant).


Created through a relexification of Boholano, a dialect of Cebuano [ceb], but with changes to affixation rules. Some lexical input from Cebuano, Spanish [spa], and English [eng] (Kelly 2012).

Language Use

Second language only. All speak Cebuano [ceb] as their L1. Religion, political events. All also use Cebuano [ceb]. Many also use Tagalog [tgl]. Some also use English [eng].

Language Development
New media.

Eskaya script [Qabr].

Other Comments

It is taught in traditional schools in Taytay and Biabas on Sundays. It is taught for 30 minutes each morning in the government elementary school in Taytay (2013 P. Kelly).

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