19th Edition



A language of Israel

Alternate Names
Dzhudezmo, Haquetiya, Judeo Spanish, Judeo-Espagnol, Judezmo, Sefardi, Sephardic, Spanyol

100,000 in Israel (2005 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 112,130.


Jerusalem District; other scattered areas; used in literary and music contexts.

Language Status

4 (Educational).


Judezmo (Jidyo, Judyo), Ladino, Haquetiya (Haketia, Haketiya, Hakitia). The Balkan dialect is more influenced by Turkish [tur] and Greek [ell]. The North African dialect is more influenced by Arabic [arb]and French [fra].

Language Use

Not the dominant language for most. Formerly the main language of Sephardic Jewry. Also use Hebrew [heb].

Language Development
New Media. Newspapers. Radio programs. Bible: 1829.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used by Sephardic speakers in the Balkans. Hebrew script [Hebr]. Latin script [Latn], used in Turkey.

Other Comments

The name Dzhudezmo is used by Jewish linguists and Turkish Jews, Judeo-Spanish by Romance philologists, Ladino by laymen (especially in Israel), Hakitia by Moroccan Jews, Spanyol by some others. Different from Ladin [lld] in the Rhaeto-Romansch group. Jewish.

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