19th Edition



A language of India


243,000 in India (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 247,000.


Meghalaya, Khasi and Jaintia hills, north of War Jaintia; Mizoram, north Aizawl district; Assam, North Cachar hills, Jatinga, Borolokha, and Dibruchera; Karbi Anglong district, Ulukunchi.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Jaintia (Synteng), Nongtung. Formerly considered a dialect of Khasi [kha]. Jaintia dialect has 12 spoken forms: Jowai, Shangpung, Batau, Raliang, Sutnga, Sumer, Nartiang, Barato, Rymbai, Lakadong, Mynso, and Nongtalang. All are intelligible, except for Nongtalang, which is akin to Central Khmer [khm]. Jowai is standard spoken form. Lexical similarity: 68% with standard Khasi.

Language Use

Also use Bengali [ben], English [eng], Hindi [hin], Mizo [lus].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 62% for Synteng dialect in Meghalaya (2001 census). Radio programs.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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