Albania

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Albanian
[sqi] Population total all languages: 5,414,300. Comments: Includes: Arb?®resh?® Albanian [aae] (Italy), Arvanitika Albanian [aat] (Greece), Gheg Albanian [aln] (Serbia), Tosk Albanian [als].

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Albanian Sign Language
[sqk] Widespread. 205,000 (Hoyer 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: AlbSL Dialects: None known. Not similar to any other sign languages in the Balkan area. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: AlbSL has strong influence from spoken Albanian, and makes heavy use of fingerspelling. After the collapse of communism, the language came into contact with International Sign and other sign languages, resulting in a lot of lexical borrowing (Hoyer 2007).

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Albanian, Gheg
[aln] North of the Shkumbin river. 1,200,000 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni, Shqip Dialects: Gheg, Central, Gheg, Northeast, Gheg, Northwest, Gheg, Southern. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Albanian, Tosk
[als] South of the Shkumbin river. 1,570,000 in Albania (2011 census). Population total all countries: 1,778,200. Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)). Alternate Names: Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe Dialects: Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë. A member of macrolanguage Albanian [sqi]. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Aromanian
[rup] South, especially in Korçë, Lushnjë, Pernët, Gjirokastër, Sarandë, Berat, Durrës, Kavajë, and Tiranë. 3,850 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 8,270 (2011 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumun, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlach Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Ethnonym: Armini.

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Greek
[ell] South. 15,200 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 24,200 (2011 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto provincial working language in Gjirokaster, Sarande, and Delvina provinces in south. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic

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Macedonian
[mkd] 4,440 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,510 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Macedonian Slavic, Slavic Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 4,000 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 8,300 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Southern Vlax Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax Comments: Ethnic groups are Mechkaria, Kurtofia, Chergaria, and Kabuzia. Christian.

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Serbian
[srp] 66 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 370 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Montenegrin Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

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