Albania

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Albanian
[sqi] A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 5,367,000. Comments: Includes: Arbëreshë Albanian [aae] (Italy), Arvanitika Albanian [aat] (Greece), Gheg Albanian [aln] (Serbia), Tosk Albanian [als].

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Albanian Sign Language
[sqk] Scattered. 3,000 (Hoyer 2007). 15,000 deaf in Albania, 24,100 worldwide (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: AlbSL, Gjuha e Shenjave Shqipe, Gjuha Shenjave e Shqip, Gjuha Shqiq e Shenjave Dialects: None known. Historically strong influence from spoken Albanian [sqi] with initialized signs and heavy use of fingerspelling, as well as gestures borrowed from hearing people. Has developed rapidly since the end of Communist control in 1990, with lexical borrowing from International Sign [ils] and other sign languages (Hoyer 2007; 2008 K. Hoyer). Not similar to any other sign languages in the Balkan area. Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: L2 teaching materials being developed. Muslim, Christian.

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Albanian, Gheg
[aln] Widespread north of the Shkumbin river. 1,200,000 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni, Shqip Dialects: Gheg, Central, Gheg, Northeast, Gheg, Northwest, Gheg, Southern. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Albanian, Tosk
[als] Widespread south of the Shkumbin river. 1,570,000 in Albania (2011 census). Population total all countries: 1,778,200. Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)). Alternate Names: Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe Dialects: Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë. A member of macrolanguage Albanian [sqi]. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Aromanian
[rup] Berat, Durrës, Gjirokastër, Korçë, and Tiranë counties. 3,850 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 8,270 (2011 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumun, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlach Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Ethnonym: Armini.

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Greek
[ell] Widespread in south and in larger cities. 15,200 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 24,200 (2011 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto provincial working language in Gjirokaster, Sarande, and Delvina provinces in south. Dialects: Northern Estonian. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic

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Macedonian
[mkd] Korçë county: Pustec municipality. 4,440 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,510 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Macedonian Slavic, Slavic Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 4,000 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 8,300 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Southern Vlax Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax Comments: Ethnic groups are Mechkaria, Kurtofia, Chergaria, and Kabuzia. Christian.

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Serbian
[srp] 66 in Albania (2011 census). Ethnic population: 370 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Montenegrin Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

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