Australia

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Official Name
Commonwealth of Australia
Population
23,131,000
Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans (16,800), Arabic (250,000), Classical Mandaic, Eastern Yiddish (1,910), Greek (258,000), Hebrew (7,570), Hindi (79,000), Hmong Njua (2,020), Hungarian (21,600), Iranian Persian (22,800), Italian (318,000), Japanese (35,100), Korean (57,600), Lao (9,380), Malay, Maltese (44,700), Mandarin Chinese (218,000), Northern Kurdish (3,600), Northern Uzbek (150), Polish (61,000), Pukapuka (900), Romanian (10,900), Samoan (12,600), Scottish Gaelic (660), Serbian (52,500), Slovene (4,310), Spanish (99,000), Standard Estonian (1,250), Standard German (79,000), Tongan (12,700), Turkish (53,900), Uyghur (370), Vietnamese (199,000), Yue Chinese (238,000)
Deaf Population
16,000
General References
Black 1983; Hudson 1987; McConvell and Thieberger 2001; McGregor 1988; Oates and Oates 1970; Schmidt 1990; Wurm 1972, 2007; Wurm and Hattori 1981
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Australia is 389. Of these, 212 are living and 177 are extinct. Of the living languages, 6 are institutional, 18 are developing, 12 are vigorous, 35 are in trouble, and 141 are dying.