Australia

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Australia
A country in Pacific
The number of individual languages listed for Australia is 400. Of these, 216 are living and 184 are extinct. Of the living languages, 207 are indigenous and 9 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 6 are institutional, 23 are developing, 14 are vigorous, 35 are in trouble, and 138 are dying.
Official Name
Commonwealth of Australia
Population

23,969,000 (2015 UNDESA)

Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans (35,000), Arabic (287,000), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (21,500), Bengali (35,600), Bosnian (15,300), Burmese (12,300), Central Khmer (29,500), Classical Mandaic, Cook Islands Maori (4,640), Croatian (61,500), Dari (20,200), Dutch (37,200), Eastern Punjabi (71,200), French (57,700), Gujarati (34,200), Hindi (111,000), Hungarian (20,900), Indonesian (55,900), Iranian Persian (34,600), Irish (1,900), Korean (79,800), Macedonian (68,800), Malay (16,600), Malayalam (25,100), Maltese (34,400), Maori (9,980), Min Nan Chinese (13,400), Nepali (27,200), Polish (50,700), Portuguese (33,400), Pukapuka (900), Romanian (12,300), Russian (44,100), Samoan (36,600), Serbian (55,100), Sinhala (48,200), Spanish (117,000), Tagalog (81,500), Tamil (50,200), Telugu (18,700), Thai (36,700), Tongan (16,000), Turkish (59,600), Urdu (36,800), Vietnamese (233,000)
Deaf Population
16,000
General References
Black 1983, Hudson 1987, McConvell and Thieberger 2001, McGregor 1988, Oates and Oates 1970, Schmidt 1990, Wurm 1972, Wurm 2007, Wurm and Hattori 1981
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Australia is 400. Of these, 216 are living and 184 are extinct. Of the living languages, 207 are indigenous and 9 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 6 are institutional, 23 are developing, 14 are vigorous, 35 are in trouble, and 138 are dying.
Products
See full country report.
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