Australia

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Official Name
Commonwealth of Australia
Population
19,856,000
General Remarks
Australia administers the territories of Jervis Bay, Cocos Islands, Christmas Island, and Norfolk Island. Of about 250 Australian indigenous languages, only 145 remain, of which 110 are severely or critically endangered
National Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans (16,800), Arabic (250,000), Eastern Yiddish (1,910), Greek (258,000), Hebrew (7,570), Hindi (79,000), Hmong Njua (2,020), Hungarian (21,600), Iranian Persian (22,800), Italian (318,000), Japanese (35,100), Korean (57,600), Lao (9,380), Malay, Maltese (44,700), Northern Kurdish (3,600), Northern Uzbek (150), Polish (61,000), Pukapuka (900), Romanian (10,900), Scottish Gaelic (660), Serbian (52,500), Slovene (4,310), Spanish (99,000), Standard Estonian (1,250), Standard German (79,000), Tongan (12,700), Turkish (53,900), Uyghur (370), Vietnamese (199,000), Yue Chinese (238,000)
Deaf Population
16,000
Deaf Institutions
116
General References
Black 1983; Hudson 1987; McConvell and Thieberger 2001; McGregor 1988; Oates and Oates 1970; Schmidt 1990; Wurm 1972, 2007; Wurm and Hattori 1981
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Australia is 390. Of these, 214 are living and 176 are extinct. Of the living languages, 13 are institutional, 15 are developing, 8 are vigorous, 36 are in trouble, and 142 are dying.