Official Name
Plurinational State of Bolivia, Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

10,671,000 (2013 World Bank)

General Remarks
Under the 2009 constitution, governmental bodies must select as co-official, alongside Spanish, at least one of 36 listed indigenous languages, the choice dependent on a number of stated factors, including use, circumstances, local preferences, etc. Predominant choices would be Quechua and Aymara
Principal Languages
Literacy Rate
91% (2009 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
American Sign Language, Standard German (160,000)
Deaf Population
General References
Campbell 1997; Crevels 2007
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Bolivia is 45. Of these, 43 are living and 2 are extinct. Of the living languages, 2 are institutional, 8 are developing, 4 are vigorous, 12 are in trouble, and 17 are dying.
See full country report.