Canada

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Population
31,613,000
National Languages
English, French
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans (9,810), Akan (14,600), Amharic (19,160), Arabic (374,000), Armenian (31,700), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (5,000), Belarusan (580), Bengali (64,500), Bosnian (12,200), Bulgarian (19,630), Central Khmer (21,100), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Corsican, Croatian (52,300), Czech (24,500), Danish (14,900), Dutch (121,000), Eastern Frisian (2,200), Eastern Panjabi (460,000), Eastern Yiddish (16,300), Finnish (18,500), Greek (118,000), Gujarati (101,000), Haitian (102,000), Hakka Chinese (5,460), Hebrew (20,200), Hindi (106,000), Hmong Njua, Hungarian (71,100), Icelandic (1,670), Ilocano (19,500), Iranian Persian (177,000), Italian (438,000), Japanese (43,000), Judeo-Moroccan Arabic, Kannada (3,140), Kashubian, Konkani (3,540), Korean (143,000), Lao (14,200), Latgalian, Lithuanian (7,600), Macedonian (18,300), Malay (11,900), Malayalam (17,700), Maltese (7,000), Mandarin Chinese (255,000), Marathi (6,660), Min Nan Chinese (18,820), Najdi Spoken Arabic (20,000), Northern Kurdish (10,300), Northern Pashto (13,100), Norwegian (6,280), Nung, Plains Indian Sign Language, Polish (201,000), Pontic, Portuguese (226,000), Romanian (93,100), Russian (170,000), Scottish Gaelic (2,320), Serbian (58,500), Sindhi (12,900), Sinhala (15,700), Slovak (18,500), Slovene (11,300), Somali (33,700), Southeastern Dinka (15,900), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English, Spanish (439,000), Standard Estonian (6,610), Standard German (430,000), Standard Latvian (6,460), Swahili (12,100), Swedish (8,100), Sylheti, Tagalog (384,000), Tamil (143,000), Telugu (10,700), Thai (8,420), Tigrigna (10,800), Tongan, Turkish (31,200), Turoyo, Ukrainian (120,000), Urdu (194,000), Vietnamese (153,000), Vlax Romani, Welsh (1,440), Western Panjabi, Yue Chinese (389,000)
Deaf Population
1,704,551
Deaf Institutions
Many
General References
Campbell 1997; Chafe 1962, 1965; Golla 2007; Harrison and Marmen 1996
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Canada is 87. All are living languages. Of these, 4 are institutional, 9 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 42 are in trouble, and 30 are dying.