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Aka
[axk] Likouala, Sangha, and Cuvette departments. 15,000 in Congo (Cavalli-Sforza 1986). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Babinga, Beka, Binga, Mòáka, Yaka Dialects: Bambenzele (Western Aka), Basese (Eastern Aka). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.104) Comments: Mraka (sg.), Beka (pl.). Different from the Baka [bkc] language of Cameroon and Gabon, which is Ubangi. Possibly more than one pygmy language in Congo. Nomadic. Pygmies. Traditional religion.

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Akwa
[akw] Cuvette department: Makoua district; east Cuvette-Ouest department. 24,100 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.22)

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American Sign Language
[ase] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: ASL, Langue des signes américaine, Langue des signes congolaise, Langue des signes du Congo Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Some early influence in the 1970s from French Sign Language [fsl], but now predominately consists of signs from ASL together with local signs, plus influence from French [fra] on the grammar in some contexts (1997 S. Dalle). Degree of difference from standard ASL and from ASL (or languages derived from ASL) in other African countries has not been determined.

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Beembe
[beq] Bouenza department: Mouyondzi and Mabgombo districts, Sibiti and Kingoué; Pool department: northwest of Brazzaville. 100,000 (2007 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bembe, Kibeembe Dialects: Keenge (Kikeenge, kinkeenge), Yari (Kiyari). Dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.11) Comments: Different from Bembe [bmb] of Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Bekwel
[bkw] Sangha department: along Cameroon border, near Gabon border, almost to Ouesso. 9,600 in Congo (2003). Population total all countries: 13,600. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwil Dialects: Ebaa, Koolo, Mebeeza, Mekwoob, Zalagee. Reportedly similar to Mpumpong [mgg]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Koonzime [ozm]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.85) Comments: Different from Baakpe [bri] (Bakwiri) of Cameroon. Traditional religion, Christian.

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Bobangi
[bni] Cuvette department: Mossaka district, on Congo river; Likouala department: Epena district. 60,400 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bangi, Bubangi, Bungi, Dzamba, Lobobangi, Rebu, Zamba Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32)

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Bomitaba
[zmx] Likouala department: Epena district, along Likouala-aux-Herbes river. 9,600 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 9,820. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bamitaba, Leke, Mbomitaba, Mbomotaba Dialects: Central Bomitaba (Epena), Northern Bomitaba (Matoki). Related to Bongili [bui]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.14) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Bomwali
[bmw] Sangha department: Ouesso district. 33,200 in Congo (2002). Population total all countries: 39,300. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bomali, Boumoali, Bumali, Lino, Sangasanga, Sanghasangha Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.87)

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Bongili
[bui] Sangha department: Sangha river area, southeast of Ouesso, to Pikounda area; southwest of Ouesso, Liouesso district; Likouala and Cuvette departments. 4,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bokiba, Bongiri, Bungili, Bungiri Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.15) Comments: Different from Bukongo [bkj] of Central African Republic.

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Bonjo
[bok] Likouala department: Dongou and Impfondo districts, Oubangui, Motaba, and Ibenga river areas. 3,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Impfondo, Mbonzo Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.143)

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Bwisi
[bwz] Niari department: Kibangou district, Banda area, on Gabon border. 3,020 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 4,250. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.401) Comments: Different from Talinga-Bwisi [tlj] of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.

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Dibole
[bvx] Likouala department: south Epena district; Cuvette department; 16 villages. 4,000 (Leitch 2004). 800 monolinguals (Leitch 2004). Ethnic population: 4,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Babole, Southern Bomitaba Dialects: Central Dibole (Kinami), Northern Dibole (Dzeke), Southern Dibole (Bouanila). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.101) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Doondo
[dde] Bouenza department; Madingou, Mfouati, and Boko-Songho districts; Pool department, southwest Mindouli district. 30,000 (2007 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Dondo, Kidoondo Dialects: Boko-Songho, Kimbedi, Kinkeenge, Mfouati. Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.112) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Fang
[fan] Sangha department. 8,100 in Congo (2007). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue Dialects: Make, Ntum (Ntumu), Ogowe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Ewondo-Fang (A.75)

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French
[fra] 28,000 in Congo (1993). L2 users: 1,200,000 in Congo (Francophonie 2007). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2002, Constitution, Article 6). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French Comments: Sole language of formal education.

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Gbaya
[gya] Sangha department: scattered on Cameroon border areas; Likouala department: Epena district. 2,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Baya, Northwest Gbaya Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Northwest

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Kaamba
[xku] Bouenza department: Nkayi and Madingou districts; Lékoumou department: Sibiti district. 1,500 (2007 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kamba, Kikaamba Dialects: None known. Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.112)

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Kako
[kkj] Likouala department: Ibenga and Motaba rivers, scattered. 9,060 in Congo (2002). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kaka, Nkoxo, Yaka Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kaka (A.93)

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Kituba
[mkw] Mainly between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. 1,160,000 (1987 SIL). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), recognized as lingua franca.Kituba is used throughout the south in churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL). Alternate Names: Kikoongo, Monokutuba, Munukutuba Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Kituba [ktu] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Classification: Creole, Kongo based Comments: Main language of the south.

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Koongo
[kng] Pool department: Boko district, west and northwest of Brazzaville. Possibly in Gabon. 16,500 in Congo (2007 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Congo, Kikongo, Kikoongo, Kongo, Kongo-Nseke Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16) Comments: Kongo-Nseke is the distinguishing name for Koongo in Congo-Brazzaville. Christian, Muslim.

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Kota
[koq] Cuvette-Ouest department: west of Mbomo; Sangha department: Liouesso district. 9,060 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ikota, Ikuta Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.25)

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Koyo
[koh] Cuvette department: Owando district; Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo district. 1,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ekoyo, Kouyou Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.24)

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Kunyi
[njx] Bouenza, Kouilou, and Niari regions, south and southeast from Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. 52,000 (1984 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kikunyi, Kugni Dialects: Nyaanga (Kinyaanga). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.13)

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Laari
[ldi] South Pool department: west and northwest of Brazzaville; Bouenza department: Mouyondzi district. 90,600 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kilari, Laadi, Ladi, Lari Dialects: Ghaangala (Hangala, Kighaangala), Laari de Biiza , Laari de Kinkala. A member of macrolanguage Kongo [kon]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16) Comments: Christian, Muslim.

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Likuba
[kxx] Cuvette department on Congo river, above Sangha river mouth; Plateaux department: Alima river south bank. 30,200 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kuba Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Likwala [kwc]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.27)

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Likwala
[kwc] Cuvette department: lower reaches of Likouala-Mossaka, Sangha, and Likouala-aux-Herbes rivers. 45,300 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ekwala, Kwala, Likouala Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Likuba [kxx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.26)

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Lingala
[lin] Mainly Brazzaville and into surrounding areas in Pool department. 90,600 in Congo (2000). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), generally northern.Lingala is used throughout the area north of Brazzaville in the churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL). Alternate Names: Ngala Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.30) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Lumbu
[lup] Niari department: Kibangou district, between Kibangou and Gabon border; Kouilou and Bouenza departments. 3,020 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ilumbu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.44)

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Mbandja
[zmz] Likouala department: Oubangui river area. 9,060 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Banja, Mbanja, Mbanza Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Banda, Southern

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Mbangwe
[zmn] Lékoumou department: Bambama district. 1,510 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: M’bahouin Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.23)

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Mbere
[mdt] Cuvette-Ouest department: Kelle and north Ewo districts. 60,400 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 105,900. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Limbede, Mbédé, Mbété Dialects: Ngwii. Lexical similarity: 77% with Mbamba [mbm], 76% with Ngungwel [ngz], 74% with Teke-Tege [teg], 70% with Teke-Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.61) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Mboko
[mdu] Cuvette department: west Makoua district; Sangha department. 27,200 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mboxo, Mbuku Dialects: Ngare. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.21)

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Mbosi
[mdw] Plateaux department: Abala district; Cuvette department: Owando, Boundiji, and Mossaka districts, south of Owando; Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo district. 108,000 (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Embosi, Mbochi, Mboshe, Mboshi Dialects: Bunji (Mbonzi), Eboi, Ngolo, Olee, Ondinga. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.25) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Moi
[mow] Plateaux and Cuvette regions; Oubangui river west bank, Alima river mouth, south of Mossaka. 3,020 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Lemoi, Mahican, Rebu Dialects: None known. Reportedly related to Lingala [lin]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32)

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Monzombo
[moj] Likouala department on Oubangui river. 6,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Population total all countries: 12,600. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mondjembo, Monjombo, Munzombo Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Monzombo

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Mpyemo
[mcx] Sangha department along Cameroon border. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mbyemo, Mpo Dialects: Bidjuki (Bidjouki), Jasoa (Jasua), Mpyemo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.86) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Ndasa
[nda] Lékoumou department: west of Zanaga. 4,530 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 5,530. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Andasa Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.201)

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Ngbaka
[nga] Likouala department: Oubangui river west bank, between Impfondo and Congo river confluence. 3,650 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, East Comments: Different from Ngbaka Ma’bo [nbm].

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Ngbaka Ma’bo
[nbm] Likouala department: possibly from nearby large language areas in Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo. 90,600 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bouaka, Bwaka, Gbala, Ma’bo, Mbacca, Mbaka, Nbwaka, Ngbaka Limba Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Bwaka

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Ngom
[nra] Cuvette-Ouest department: northwest of Mbomo. 4,530 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ongom, Ungom, Ungomo Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.22)

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Ngundi
[ndn] Sangha department: east of Ouesso. 3,000 in Congo (2004). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ingundi, Ngondi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.11) Comments: Different from Gundi [gdi] of Central African Republic, which is an Adamawa-Ubangi language.

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Ngungwel
[ngz] Plateaux department: Gamboma district. 45,000 (1988 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Engungwel, Ngangoulou, Ngangulu, Ngungulu, Northeastern Teke Dialects: Mpu (Mpumpu, Mpumpum). Seen as separate from Teke, although part of the Teke family. Lexical similarity: 89% with Boo [ebo], 81% with Kukua [kkw], 77% with Teghe [teg], 76% with Tsaayi [tyi] and Mbere [mdt], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 68% with Laali [lli], 61% with Yaa [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.72) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Njebi
[nzb] Niari department: Mayoko district. 15,100 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Binzabi, Injebi, Ndjabi, Njabi, Njevi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.52)

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Njyem
[njy] Sangha department: Souanke district, north into Cameroon. 3,500 in Congo. 2,980 monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Djem, Dzem, Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem, Zimu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.84) Comments: Christian.

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Ombamba
[mbm] Lékoumou department: Bambama district. 15,100 (2000). Population total all countries: 24,800. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lembaamba, Mbaama, Mbama, Mbamba Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Teghe [teg], 77% with Mbere [mdt], 66% with Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.62)

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Pomo
[pmm] Sangha department: north of Ouesso, on Cameroon and Central African Republic borders. 5,430 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Congo Pol, Pol, Pori, Pul Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kaka (A.92)

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Punu
[puu] Niari department: toward Gabon border. 9,060 in Congo (2000). Total of all Sira-Punu languages in Congo 80,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ipounou, Ipunu, Pouno, Puno, Yipunu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.43)

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Suundi
[sdj] Pool department: Boko, Kinkala, Kindamba, and Mayama districts; border area, Bouenza and Niari departments. 121,000 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kissoundi, Kisuundi, Suundi de Kifouma, Suundi de Kimongo Dialects: Kisuundi kya Mayama, Kisuundi kya Ngwaari, Kisuundi kya Nkeleke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.131)

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Teke-Eboo
[ebo] Plateaux department: Lefini river east to Congo river, north to Engankou and west to Allion. 20,400 in Congo (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bamboma, Boma, Boo, Boõ, Central Teke, Eboo Teke, Eboom, Iboo, Teke-Boma Dialects: Teke-Nzikou. Eboo is the language of the ancient Teke kings. Teke-Eboo [ebo], Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are reportedly similar enough to easily share the same literature. Lexical similarity: 63% with Iyaa, 69% with Laali [lli], 75% with Tsaayi [tyi], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 86% with Kukuya [kkw], 89% with Ngungwel [ngz], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74) Comments: Ethnic autonym: Aboo. Teke-Nzikou [nzu] and Teke-Eboo use the same literacy materials. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Traditional religion, Christian.

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Teke-Fuumu
[ifm] Pool department. Fuumu dialect: north of Brazzaville; Wuumu dialect: south and west of Lefini river, Plateaux department. 8,150 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Fumu, Fuumu, Kiteke, South Central Teke, Teke du Pool Dialects: Fuumu (Fumu, Ifuumu, Mfumu), Wuumu (Iwuumu, Wumbu). Teke-Eboo [ebo],Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are reportedly similar enough to easily share the same literature. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Teke-Ibali
[tek] Pool department: Brazzaville area, on Congo river. 36,200 in Congo (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bali, Eastern Teke, Ibali, Kiteke Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.75)

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Teke-Kukuya
[kkw] Plateaux department: Lekana district, east of Leketi river. 38,800 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chikuya, Cikuya, Kikuwa, Kikuya, Koukouya, Kukua, Kukuya, Kukwa, Southern Teke Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 86% with Eboo [ebo], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 81% with Ngungwel [ngz], 80% with Tsaayi [tyi], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg], 75% with Laali [lli], 70% with Yaka [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77)

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Teke-Laali
[lli] Lékoumou department: south of Komono. 2,100 (2006). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ilaali, Laali, West Teke Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Tsaayi [tyi], 78% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73)

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Teke-Nzikou
[nzu] Plateaux department: Djambala area; Pool department. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Central Teke, Ndzindziu, Njiunjiu, Njyunjyu Dialects: Teke-Eboo. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74) Comments: Teke-Nzikou and Teke-Eboo [ebo] can be considered dialects of the same language, though there is no group name, apart from Teke. Both dialects use the same literacy materials. A hybrid of the dialects emerging among young people. Traditional religion, Christian.

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Teke-Tege
[teg] Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo and Okoyo districts; Plateaux department: Abala district, west of Mpama river. 49,300 in Congo (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iteghe, Keteghe, Northern Teke, Teghe, Teke Alima, Teke Kali Dialects: Kateghe (Nzikini), Keteghe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.71)

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Teke-Tsaayi
[tyi] Lékoumou department: east of Mossendjo; Pool department: Kindema district. 95,900 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Getsaayi, Tsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi, West Teke Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 76% with Tyee [tyx], 80% with Kukuya [kkw]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73)

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Teke-Tyee
[tyx] Lékoumou, Pool, and Bouenza departments, between Makaka and Kitembe. 14,400. 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kwe, Tee, Tyee, West Teke Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85% with Kukuya [kkw] and Eboo [ebo]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Tsaangi
[tsa] Niari department: north and northwest of Mossendjo; Lékoumou department. 13,600 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 22,210. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Icaangi, Itsangi, Tcengui, Tchangui, Tsengi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.53)

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Vili
[vif] Kouilou and Pointe-Noire departments, coast between Angola and Gabon borders, Yoombe Island; Niari department. 7,310 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 11,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tshivili, Tsivili Dialects: Civili ci Loango, Civili ci Moongo, Civili ci Waanda, Civili ci Yombe, Kotchi, Lindji, Woyo. A dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.12) Comments: Ethnonym: Bavili. Christian, traditional religion.

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Wumbvu
[wum] Niari department north to Gabon border. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aka, Baaka, Babinga, Bambendjele, Bambenga, Beka, Biaka, Pygmy, Wumvu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.24)

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Yaka
[iyx] Lékoumou department: Sibiti district. 10,000 (1988). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iyaka, West Teke, Yaa Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 91% with Laali [lli], 74% with Tsaayi [tyi], 69% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73)

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Yombe
[yom] Kouilou and Niari departments. 26,000 in Congo (Mabiala 1996). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bayombe, Kiombi, Kiyombe, Kiyoombi Dialects: Mbala (Mumbala), Vungunya (Kivungunya, Yombe Classique). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16) Comments: Distinct enough from Vili [vif] to need separate literature. Christian, traditional religion.

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