China

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Official Name
People’s Republic of China
Population

1,357,380,000 (2013 World Bank)

Principal Languages
Mandarin Chinese
Literacy Rate
91% (2010 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Central Khmer (1,000), Parsi (5,000), Rohingya, Spanish (2,290), Walungge
Deaf Population
20,040,000 (2006 China Disabled Persons’ Federation)
General References
Bradley 1997, 2005, 2007; Dreyer 1976; Janhunen 1989, 2003; Li Fang-gui 1973; Matisoff, Baron, and Lowe 1996; Pelkey 2008, 2011; Ramsey 1987; Salminen 2007; Wurm et al. 1987; Xiong and Yang 1991
Recognized Nationalities

Minority languages in China are associated with one or more officially recognized nationalities by the State Ethnic Affairs Commission

Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for China is 297. All are living languages. Of these, 15 are institutional, 23 are developing, 100 are vigorous, 127 are in trouble, and 32 are dying.
Products
See full country report.