Dominican Sign Language
[doq] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85%–90% with ASL [ase]. Classification: Sign language.
[eng] Cibao Nordeste region: Samaná province, northeastern peninsula. 8,000 in Dominican Republic (Holm 1989). Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: Samaná English. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous. Descendants of ex-USA slaves settled in 1824. Reportedly a settlement of African slaves existed here in the early 1500s. Includes features of creolization and archaic Black English.
[hat] 159,000 in Dominican Republic (1987). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Aiysyen, Creole, Haitian, Kreyol. Classification: Creole, French based. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[spa] 9,240,000 in Dominican Republic (2013). L2 users: 61,500 in Dominican Republic (2013). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2000, Law 44.00). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian. Comments: Non-indigenous.