Algeria

Print
Algerian Sign Language
[asp] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: None known. It influenced the deaf community in Oujda in northern Morocco. Classification: Deaf sign language

More Information

Arabic, Algerian Saharan Spoken
[aao] Morocco border along Atlas mountains, northeast to Medea (south of Algiers), southeast to Righ Wadi, south as far as plateau du Tademait; some in Tamanrasset town. 100,000 in Algeria (1996). Population total all countries: 130,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Saharan Arabic, Tamanghasset Arabic, Tamanrasset Arabic Dialects: None known. Structurally distinct from other Arabic varieties. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

More Information

Arabic, Algerian Spoken
[arq] Widespread. 26,000,000 in Algeria (2012 Sherbrooke University), increasing. Population total all countries: 27,997,000. L2 users: 3,000,000 in Algeria. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Algerian Dialects: Algiers, Constantine, Oran. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Christian.

More Information

Arabic, Hassaniyya
[mey] Tindouf Province. 150,000 in Algeria (1995). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Mainly refugees from Western Sahara.

More Information

Arabic, Standard
[arb] Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 3). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

More Information

Chenoua
[cnu] Chenoui in Mount Chenoua area; Beni Menacer west and south of Mount Chenoua area; Djebel Bissa in Chlef Province, Mount Bissa area, Tacheta forest area, and Beni Haoua village (Genevois and Reesink 1973). 76,300 (2007 Laval University). Estimated Beni Menacer population is 61,000 (2007). 15,300 for Chenoui (2007 Laval University). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Chenoui Dialects: Beni Menacer (Chleuh, Tachelhit, Tamenracit), Chenoui, Djebel Bissa, Tamazight de l’Atlas blidéen (Beni-Salah). Lexical similarity: 77% with Tachawit [shy], 76% with Kabyle [kab]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern Comments: Muslim.

More Information

French
[fra] Mostly cities. 10,200 in Algeria (2012 Laval University). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language, in higher education. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French

More Information

Kabyle
[kab] North, Grande Kabylie, from Thenia to Bgayet (Bejaia) . Lesser Kabyle dialect: east of Bejaia between Tichy and Ziama Mansouria on the coast and inland, Tizi n Berber and Aokas. 5,000,000 in Algeria (2012). Population total all countries: 5,586,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitutional Revision, Law No. 02-03). Alternate Names: Amazigh, Tamazight, Taqbaylit Dialects: Greater Kabyle, Lesser Kabyle (Tasahlit). Lesser Kabyle (Tasahlit) may be a separate language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Kabyle Comments: Kabyle reported by some sources to derive from the Arabic word for tribesman. Patrilineal and patrilocal. Muslim, Christian.

More Information

Korandje
[kcy] Southwestern Algeria, Tabelbala oasis, about halfway between Bechar and Tindouf, 3 villages: Kwara (Zaouia), Ifrnyu (Cheraia), Yami (Mahkhlouf). 3,000 (2011). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Kwarandzyey Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Songhai Comments: Ethnonym: Belbalis.

More Information

Tachawit
[shy] Aurès mountains, south and southeast of Grand Kabylie. 1,400,000 (1993). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chaouia, Chawi, Shawia, Shawiya, Tacawit Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Shawiya Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Tachelhit
[shi] South near Morocco border, Tabelbala area. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Shilha, Southern Shilha, Tachilhit, Tashelhait, Tashelhayt, Tashelhit, Tasoussit Dialects: Susiua (Sousse, Sus). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas Comments: ‘Shilha’ is the Arabic name for Moroccan Berber varieties in general. Muslim.

More Information

Tagargrent
[oua] South of Constantine, near Mzab. Ouargla and Ngouça are main centers. 5,000 (1995). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ouargla, Ouargli, Wargla Dialects: Ouedghir (Wadi), Tariyit, Temacin. Only moderate comprehension of Tumzabt. Tariyit dialect is spoken by the Haratine (former slaves of the Ouargli people). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Mzab-Wargla Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Tamahaq, Tahaggart
[thv] South Hoggar (Ajjer) mountain area, Hoggar, Tamanghasset area and south to Niger border. Ghat dialect in southeast, Ganet area and west. 40,000 in Algeria. Population total all countries: 77,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tomachek, Touareg, Tourage, Tuareg Dialects: Ghat (Djanet, Ganet), Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart). A member of macrolanguage Tamashek [tmh]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Northern Comments: Ethnonym: Tuareg (pl.), Targi (sg.). Muslim.

More Information

Tamazight, Temacine
[tjo] Temacine, Tamelhat, Ghomra, and Meggarin areas, but mostly in Bledit Amor. 6,000 (1995). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Touggourt, Tougourt, Tugurt Dialects: Possibly a dialect of Tagargrent. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Mzab-Wargla Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Tamazight, Tidikelt
[tia] Tidikelt, Salah area, and Tit south. 1,000 (2011), decreasing. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Dialects: Tidikelt, Tit. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Tidikelt Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Tarifit
[rif] Coastal, eastern Algeria to Arzew. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fifia, Northern Shilha, Rif, Riff, Rifi, Ruafa, Shilha, Tirifie Dialects: Arzeu, Igzennaian, Iznacen (Beni Iznassen). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Taznatit
[grr] Gourara region; Igli, Taghit, Ouakda (Bechar), Beni Ounif, Boussemghoun. Dying out in Touat region. 58,000 in Algeria (2007 Laval University). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Zenatiyya Dialects: Gourara (Gurara), South Oran, Touat (Tuat, Tuwat). Reportedly similar to Tumzabt [mzb], Tagargrent [oua], and Temacine Tamazight [tjo], but not as similar as they are to each other. Low intelligibility of other Tamazight speech forms, including Tumzabt and Tagargrent. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Mzab-Wargla Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Tumzabt
[mzb] Mzab region south of Algiers. 7 oases, Ghardaia is principal one. 150,000 (2010 UNESCO). Women are monolingual. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ghardaia, Mozabite, Mzab, Mzabi Dialects: Only minor dialect variations. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Mzab-Wargla Comments: Strong cultural vitality. Tumzabt villages are interspersed among Arabic-speaking villages. Muslim (Ibadi).

More Information