Official Name
State of Eritrea

6,333,000 (2013 World Bank)

General Remarks
Independence from Ethiopia 1993. 1997 Constitution still not in effect
Principal Languages
English, Standard Arabic, Tigrigna
Literacy Rate
58% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Amharic, Central Kanuri, Hadrami Spoken Arabic (100,000), Hausa, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic (18,000)
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Eritrea is 15. All are living languages. Of these, 6 are institutional, 4 are developing, 4 are vigorous, and 1 is dying.
See full country report.