Micronesia

Print
Chuukese
[chk] Chuuk Lagoon, Caroline Islands, some on Ponape. Also in Guam, United States. 45,900 in Micronesia (2000 census). Population total all countries: 51,330. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in State of Chuuk (1989, Chuuk State Constitution, Article 11(6)). Alternate Names: Chuuk, Lagoon Chuukese, Ruk, Truk, Trukese Dialects: East Lagoon, Fayichuck. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

English
[eng] 4,000 in Micronesia (Crystal 2003). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English

More Information

Kapingamarangi
[kpg] Kapingamarangi and Pohnpei islands, Caroline Islands. 3,000 (1995 SIL). 1,000 on Kapingamarangi and 2,000 in Pohnrakied village on Pohnpei. Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Kirinit Dialects: Lexical similarity: 55% with Nukuoro [nkr], 54% with Rarotongan [rar], 53% with Samoan [smo], 51% with Tuamotuan [pmt], 50% with Tahitian [tah]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean Comments: Intermarry with Nukuoro [nkr] people. Christian.

More Information

Kosraean
[kos] Kosrae island, Caroline Islands. Also in Nauru, United States. 8,000 in Micronesia (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Population total all countries: 9,060. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in State of Kosrae (1984, Kosrae State Constitution, Article 13(1)). Alternate Names: Kosrae, Kusaie Dialects: Lelu-Tafunsak, Malen-Utwe. Lexical similarity: 26% with Pohnapeian [pon]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Kusaiean

More Information

Mokilese
[mkj] Mokil (Mwoakiloa) atoll, east of Carolines; Pohnpei island. Also in United States. 1,050 in Micronesia (1979 B. Bender). Fewer than 500 on Mokil Atoll. Population total all countries: 1,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mokil, Mwoakilese, Mwoakiloa Dialects: Lexical similarity: 79% with Pingelapese [pif], 75% with Pohnapeian [pon]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Ponapeic

More Information

Mortlockese
[mrl] Mortlock Islands, southeast of Truk; Caroline Islands; Ponape island, lower Mortlock. Also in United States. 5,900 in Micronesia (1989 census). 1,690 Upper Mortlock, 1,760 Mid Mortlock, 2,460 Lower Mortlock, about 1,000 elsewhere. Population total all countries: 5,940. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mortlock, Nomoi Dialects: Lower Mortlock, Mid Mortlock, Upper Mortlock. 75% intelligibility of Puluwatese [puw], 18% of Satawalese [stw], 8% of Woleaian [woe]. Lexical similarity: 80%–85% with Chuukese [chk], 83% with Puluwatese, 82% with Satawalese, 81% with Carolinian [cal], 78% with Woleaian, 72% with Ulithian [uli]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

Namonuito
[nmt] Magur, Ono, Onari, Piserarh, and Ulul islands, Carolines. 940 (1989 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Namon Weite Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

Ngatik Men’s Creole
[ngm] Ngatik (Sapuahfik) atoll, east of Caroline Islands. 700. No monolinguals. 500 on atoll (1983 L. Poyer), 200 on Ponape. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ngatikese, Ngatikese Men’s Language Dialects: A creolized language from Sapuahfik Pohnapeian [pon] dialect and English [eng] whose genesis is the direct result of a massacre in 1837 of adult males on Ngatik by British traders. Classification: Creole, English based, Pacific

More Information

Nguluwan
[nuw] Ngulu atoll, between Yap and Belau islands. 50 (Sakiyama 2000). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Dialects: Phonology from Ulithian [uli] and grammar and lexicon from Yapese [yap]. Classification: Mixed language, Yapese-Ulithi

More Information

Nukuoro
[nkr] Nukuoro island, Pohnpei, Caroline Islands. Also in United States. 860 in Micronesia (Johnstone 1993). 130 on Pohnpei. Population total all countries: 1,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Nuguor, Nukoro Dialects: Lexical similarity: 55% with Kapingamarangi [kpg]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean Comments: Christian.

More Information

Pááfang
[pfa] Hall Islands (Nomwin, Fananu, Marilo, Ruo), Carolines. 1,320 (1989 census). Status: 8a (Moribund). Dialects: Indications of convergence with Chuukese [chk]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

Pingelapese
[pif] Pingelap and Ponape. Also in Guam, United States. 2,500 in Micronesia. 500 on Pingelap, about 2,000 on Ponape. Population total all countries: 3,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Pingelap, Pingilapese Dialects: Lexical similarity: 81% with Pohnpeian [pon], 79% with Mokilese [mkj]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Ponapeic

More Information

Pohnpeian
[pon] Pohnpei island, Caroline Islands. Also in United States. 29,000 in Micronesia (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). 24,000 on Pohnpei, 3,430 on outer islands, 280 elsewhere. Population total all countries: 31,350. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in State of Pohnpei (1984, Pohnpei State Constitution, Article 13(1)). Alternate Names: Ponapean Dialects: Kiti, Ponapean, Sapwuahfik. Lexical similarity: 81% with Pingelapese [pif], 75% with Mokilese [mkj], 36% with Chuukese [chk]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Ponapeic

More Information

Puluwatese
[puw] Polowat, Pollap, Houk (Pulusuk), and Tamtam islands, Carolines. 1,360 (1989 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Puluwat Dialects: Pulapese, Pulusukese, Puluwatese. 64% intelligibility of Satawalese [stw], 40% of Woleaian [woe], 21% of Ulithian [uli]. Lexical similarity: 88% with Satawalese [stw] and Carolinian [cal], 83% with Mortlockese [mrl], 82% with Woleaian [woe], 81% with Chuukese [chk], 72% with Ulithian [uli]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

Satawalese
[stw] Satawal island, Caroline Islands. 460 (1987 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: 60% intelligibility of Ulithian [uli] and Woleaian [woe]. Lexical similarity: 95% with Carolinian [cal], 88% with Woleaian [woe] and Puluwatese [puw], 82% with Mortlockese [mrl], 79% with Chuukese [chk], 77% with Ulithian [uli]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

Ulithian
[uli] Ulithi, Ngulu, Sorol, Fais islands, eastern Caroline Islands. Also in United States. 3,000 in Micronesia (1987 UBS). Population total all countries: 3,039. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in State of Yap (1982, Yap State Constitution, Article 14(5)). Dialects: 85% intelligibility of Woleaian [woe], 57% of Satawalese [stw], very low intelligibility of Puluwatese [puw] and Chuukese [chk]. Lexical similarity: 74%–80% with Woleaian [woe], 77% with Satawalese [stw], 74% with Carolinian [cal], 72% with Puluwatese [puw] and Mortlockese [mrl], 68% with Chuukese [chk]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic Comments: Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Woleaian
[woe] Woleai (Wottegai), Falalus, Seliap (Sulywap), Falalop (Falalap), Tegailap (Tagalap), Paliau, Mariang, Eauripik, Faraulep, Elato, Lamotrek, and Ifaluk islands; east Caroline Islands. The first 5 listed are inhabited. 22 islands total, Yap State. 1,630 (1987 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in State of Yap (1982, Yap State Constitution, Article 14(5)). Dialects: Lamotrek, Woleaian. 84% intelligibility of Satawalese [stw], 81% of Ulithian [uli], 50% of Sonsorol [sov], very low of Puluwatese [puw] and Chuukese [chk]. Lexical similarity: 88% with Satawalese [stw] and Carolinian [cal], 82% with Puluwatese [puw], 80% with Ulithian [uli], 78% with Mortlockese [mrl], 75% with Chuukese [chk]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic

More Information

Yapese
[yap] Caroline Islands, Yap island, 10 islands. Also in United States. 6,590 in Micronesia (1987 census). Population total all countries: 7,390. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in State of Yap (1982, Yap State Constitution, Article 14(5)). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Yapese Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information