Gabon

Print
Baka
[bkc] Cameroon border area, Woleu-Ntem province: Minvoul; Ogooue-Ivindo province: Makokou, Bélinga. 3,200 in Gabon (1990 CMA). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Babinga, Bayaka, Bebayaka Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Baka-Gundi Comments: Babinga, ‘Pygmy’ is used for the Baka, Yaka [axk], and Gyele [gyi] Pygmy languages. Dispersed in small groups. Nomadic. Traditional religion.

More Information

Barama
[bbg] Nyanga province: west of Moabi; Ogooué-Maritime province: east of Omboué; Ngounié province: Douya-Onoy department. 1,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bavarama, Ghibarama, Gibarama, Givarama, Varama, Yibarambu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.402) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Bekwel
[bkw] Ogooué-Ivindo province: Extreme northeast corner, Makokou on Ivindo river, and northeast of Mékambo, Imbong and Massombo villages. 4,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwie, Bekwil Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.85) Comments: Different from Mokpwe [bri] of Cameroon. Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Benga
[bng] Estuaire province: north of Libreville, along the coast, Cape Estérias. 1,500 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.34) Comments: Spoken by small groups.

More Information

Bubi
[buw] Ogooué-Lolo province: west of Koulamoutou, Lolo-Bouénguidi department, Baniati and Mouila-Pouvi. 4,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bhubhi, Eviia, Gevove, Ghevove, Ibhubhi, Ibubi, Pove, Vove Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.305) Comments: Distinct from the Bubi dialect of Kele [keb], and from Bube [bvb] of Equatorial Guinea. Traditional religion.

More Information

Bwisi
[bwz] Nyanga province: far south, Ndendé area on Congo border. 1,230 in Gabon (2000). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.401) Comments: Different from Talinga-Bwisi [tlj] of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.

More Information

Duma
[dma] Ogooué-Lolo province: Franceville area near Lastourville. 9,840 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Adouma, Aduma, Badouma, Douma, Liduma Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Wandji [wdd] (Idiata 2007). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.51)

More Information

Eviya
[gev] Ngounie province: Fougamou, right bank of Ngounié river; some in Libreville. 50 (2013 D. Cavar). Ethnic population: 400 (2013 D. Cavar). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Evia, Gevia, Geviya, Ivéa Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.301)

More Information

Fang
[fan] Northwest, mainly Woleu-Ntem and Estuaire provinces; Moyen-Ogooué province: Ogooué river, also Ancien Founa area; Ogooué-Ivindo province: Ivindo department; Ngounié province: most in Ancien Matica area. 350,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue, Pangwe Dialects: Atsi, Meke (Make, Makina, Shiwa), Mvai, Ntumu (Ntum), Nzaman, Okak. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Ewondo-Fang (A.75)

More Information

French
[fra] 37,500 in Gabon (Johnstone 1993). L2 users: 1,120,000 in Gabon (Francophonie 2007). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French Comments: The only language of formal education.

More Information

Kande
[kbs] Ogooué-Ivindo province: west of Booué. 500 (Idiata 2007). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Kanda, Okande Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.32) Comments: Threatened and undocumented (2000 B. Connell). Traditional religion.

More Information

Kaningi
[kzo] Haut-Ogooué province: north and south of Franceville, Moanda and Boumango, Lékoussaga, Moukaba, and Okoloville villages. 1,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bakanike, Bakaningi, Lekaningi, Likaningi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.602) Comments: Villages are scattered in areas dominated by other groups. Traditional religion.

More Information

Kélé
[keb] Ngounié province: Sindara, Fougamou, and Mouila, Mbeboudye and Bougonga villages; Mimongo, between Mbigou and Malinga, Dienga and Baposso villages; Ogooue-Lolo province: Koula-Moutou; Moyen-Ogooué Province, Lambaréné. 1,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Akele, Dikele, Kili, Western Kele Dialects: Bubi, Metombolo, Western Kele. Reportedly similar to Ngom [nra]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.22) Comments: Distinct from Kele [khy] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. They interact with the Tsogo [tsv] and Sangu [snq] around Mimongo. Traditional religion.

More Information

Kota
[koq] Ogooué-Ivindo province: Ivindo river basin, headwaters area east from Makokou to Mindemba; north Ogooué-Lolo and Haut-Ogooué provinces. 25,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Population total all countries: 34,060. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ikota, Ikuta, Kotu Dialects: Many dialects. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.25) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Lumbu
[lup] Nyanga province: southwest coast, between Nyanga and Bangua rivers, Mayumba; Ogooué-Maritime province: coastal Ndougou department, Gamba, Setté Cama, Mayonani and Panga villages. 19,700 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 22,720. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baloumbou, Ilumbu, Yilumbu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.44) Comments: Some intermarriage with Vili [vif] women. Traditional religion.

More Information

Mahongwe
[mhb] Ogooué-Ivindo province: south of Mékambo along Congo border; northeast of Makokou, east of Ivindo river. Northeast corner. 8,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.252)

More Information

Mbangwe
[zmn] Haut-Ogooué province: south and southwest of Franceville. 2,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Population total all countries: 3,510. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: M’bahouin, Mbaouin Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.23) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Mbere
[mdt] Haut-Ogooué province: Okondja area. 45,500 in Gabon (2000). All Mbere languages in Gabon: 110,000 (Johnstone 1993). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ambede, Lembaamba, Limbede, Limbere, Mbaama, Mbédé, Mbété, Obamba Dialects: Ngwii. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.61) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Myene
[mye] Ogooué-Maritime and Moyen-Ogooué provinces: Lambaréné area to coast; Estuaire province: Libreville and Gabon estuary; Ngounié province: south of Lambaréné. Mpongwe dialect: both sides of Gabon estuary, south of Libreville, Port-Gentil area; Ajumba dialect: north of Lambaréné; Enenga dialect: northeast of Lambaréné; Galwa dialect: Lambaréné area and west; Nkomi dialect: on coast, southeast of Port-Gentil; Orungu dialect: Port-Gentil. 45,000 (Idiata 2007). 1,000–2,000 Dyumba, 1,000–5,000 Enenga, 2,000–11,000 Galwa, 1,000–4,000 Mpongwe, 10,000 Orungu, 20,000 Nkomi. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Omyene, Pangwe Dialects: Ajumba (Adjumba, Adyumba, Dyumba), Enenga, Galwa (Galloa, Galoa, Galua, Omyene), Mpongwe (Mpongoué, Mpungwe, Npongué, Npongwe, Pongoué), Nkomi (N’komi), Orungu (Rongo, Rungu). A dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Myene (B.11)

More Information

Ndambono
[nxo] Ogooué-Ivindo, Booué, Kekele; Ogooué-Lolo, Lastourville area; Haut-Ogooué, Okondja area. 2,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.204)

More Information

Ndasa
[nda] Haut-Ogooué province: south of Franceville. 1,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Andasa, Ndash, Ndasha, Ndassa Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.201) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Ndumu
[nmd] Haut-Ogooué province: west of Franceville. 3,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bandoumou, Doumbou, Dumbu, Lendumu, Lindumu, Mindoumou, Mindumbu, Minduumo, Ndumbo, Ndumbu, Nduumo, Ondoumbo, Ondumbo Dialects: Epigi, Kanandjoho (Kajandzo go), Kuya, Nyani (Nyangi). Kuya and Kanandjoho dialects are more similar to Kaningi [kzo] and Teke-Tege [teg], while Epigi and Nyani dialects are more similar to Duma [dma] and Njebi [nzb] (Idiata 2007). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.63) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Ngom
[nra] Ogooué-Ivindo province: Mékambo area; Ogooué-Lolo province: Koulamoutou area. Extreme northeast. 8,240 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 12,770. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ngomo, Ongom, Ungom, Ungomo Dialects: Bakoya (Koya). Reportedly similar to Kele [keb]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.22)

More Information

Njebi
[nzb] Ogooué-Lolo and Ngounié provinces: west of Franceville, to Lebamba area; northeastward into Haut-Ogooué province as far as Okondja. 120,000 in Gabon (2007 R. Radke). Population total all countries: 135,100. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bandzabi, Injebi, Inzebi, Ndjabi, Ndjevi, Njabi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.52)

More Information

Pinji
[pic] Ngounié province: east of Mouila, between Eléké and Fougamou. 1,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Apindje, Apindji, Apindzi, Apinji, Gapinji, Ghepinzi, Pinzi Dialects: None known. Very similar to Tsogo [tsv] (Idiata 2007). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.304) Comments: Different from Phende [pem] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Traditional religion.

More Information

Punu
[puu] Nyanga and Ngounié provinces: Tchibanga and Ndendé areas. 152,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Population total all countries: 161,060. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ipunu, Pouno, Pounou, Puno, Yipounou, Yipunu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.43)

More Information

Sake
[sak] Ogooué-Ivindo province: central, northwest, Booué area; border areas, northeast Moyen-Ogooué and south Woleu-Ntem provinces. 8,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Asake, Shake Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.251) Comments: Threatened and undocumented (2000 B. Connell).

More Information

Samay
[syx] Ogooué-Lolo province: Lastourville area; Haut-Ogooué,and Ogooué-Ivindo provinces: along main road between Makokou and Okondja. 1,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Osamayi, Sama, Samaye, Shamay, Shamayi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.203)

More Information

Sangu
[snq] Ngounié province: Mimongo and Iboundji area; Ogooué-Lolo province: Idimba and Massoukou area. 30,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chango, Isangu, Shango, Yisangou, Yisangu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.42) Comments: Not related to Sangu [sbp] of Tanzania or Sango [sag] of Central African Republic. Traditional religion.

More Information

Seki
[syi] Northwest coast, Corisco Bay and Rio Muni; Estuaire province: Cocobeach area. 1,000 in Gabon (Idiata 2007). Population total all countries: 12,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bulu, Seke, Sekiana, Sekiani, Sekiyani, Sekyani, Seseki, Sheke, Shekiyana Dialects: None known. One of 3 groups known as semi-playeros who function well on the coast and in the jungle. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.21)

More Information

Sighu
[sxe] Ogooué-Lolo province: Koulamoutou-Lastourville area, Boulemba, Ndambo, Bounji, and Liyodia villages. 1,000 (1990 CMA). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Lesighu, Lisighu, Lisigu, Mississiou, Sigu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.202) Comments: Threatened and undocumented (2000 B. Connell).

More Information

Simba
[sbw] Ngounié province. 100 (Idiata 2007). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Gehimba, Ghehimba, Ghehimbaka, Himba, Himbaka, Nsindak Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.302) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Sira
[swj] Ngounié province: west of Mouila, southwest of Fougamou and Mandji; small border areas in eastern Ogooué-Maritime and northwest Nyanga provinces. 39,400 (2000). 30,000–40,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Eshira, Gisir, Gisira, Ichira, Ishira, Isira, Shira, Shire, Yichira Dialects: Kamba, Ngosi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.41) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Tchitchege
[tck] Haut-Ogooué province: Mboua village, south from Franceville to Boumango. 2,000 (2003). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Latsitsege, Lintsitsege Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.701)

More Information

Teke-Tege
[teg] Haut-Ogooué province: east and northeast of Franceville. 90,000 in Gabon (2011 SIL). Population total all countries: 139,300. 22,500 monolinguals. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iteghe, Katege, Keteghe, Ketego, Latege, Northern Teke, Tege-Kali, Teghe, Teke Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Ombamba [mbm], 79% with Kukuya [kkw], 77% with Ngungwel [ngz], 76% with Eboo [ebo], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 74% with Mbere [mdt], 73% with Laali [lli] and Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.71) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Tsaangi
[tsa] Haut-Ogooué province: Lekoko department, west and southwest of Franceville; Ogooué-Lolo province: Lombo-Bouenguidi department. 8,610 in Gabon (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Batsangui, Icaangui, Itsaangi, Itsangi, Itsengi, Tcengui, Tchangui, Tsangi, Tsengi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.53) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Tsogo
[tsv] Ngounié province: north and east of Mouila. 9,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Getsogo, Ghetsogo, Mitsogo Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.31)

More Information

Vili
[vif] Nyanga province: coast near Mayumba and south. 3,690 in Gabon (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tsivili Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.12) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Vumbu
[vum] Ngounié province: Moukalaba department, Yetsou area, west of Mouila. 5,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Givoungou, Givungu, Vungu, Yivoumbou Dialects: None known. Very high intelligibility of Barama [bbg], may be the same language (Idiata 2007). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.403) Comments: Distinct from Wumbvu [wum] in the Kele subgroup (B.20).

More Information

Wandji
[wdd] Ogooué-Lolo province: between Boucama and Mitoungou; Haut-Ogooué province: Moulounou department. 10,000 (Idiata 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bawandji, Liwanzi, Wanzi Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Duma [dma] (Idiata 2007). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.501) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Wumbvu
[wum] Ngounié province: east of Lébamba to Malinga (Congo), Lekindou and Rebe villages. 18,300 in Gabon (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Wumbu, Wumvu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.24) Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Yasa
[yko] Woleu-Ntem province. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Bongwe, Lyassa, Maasa, Yassa Dialects: Asonga, Bodele, Bomui, Bweko, Iyasa, Mapanga, Marry, Mogana, Mooma, One, Vendo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.33) Comments: Some or all reportedly are Pygmies.

More Information