Georgia

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Abkhaz
[abk] Abkhazia region: Black Sea coast, separate areas near Gudaut’a and Och’amch’re. 101,000 in Georgia (1993). Total users in all countries: 152,740. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Abkhazia, co-official with Georgian (1995, Constitution, Article 8). Alternate Names: Abxazo. Dialects: Bzyb, Abzhui, Samurzakan. Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Abkhaz-Abazin. Comments: Christian, Muslim.

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Armenian
[hye] Samtskhe-Javakheti region. 448,000 in Georgia. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Haieren, Somkhuri. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
[aii] Transcaucasia area: scattered. 3,000 in Georgia (1999). Ethnic population: 14,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Aisorski. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern. Comments: Non-indigenous. ‘Aisor’ is the Russian name for the people. Christian.

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Avar
[ava] Kakheti region: Qvareli district, Tivi village. 2,000 in Georgia (2002 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: Antsukh. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Avar-Andic, Avar.

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Azerbaijani, North
[azj] Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, and Samtskhe-Javakheti regions. 360,000 in Georgia (2007 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani.

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Bats
[bbl] Kakheti region: Talavei district, Zemo-Alvani (Upper Alvani). 3,420 (2000). Active users may be far fewer than 3,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Bac, Batsaw, Batsba, Batsbi, Batsbiitsy, Batsi, Tsova-Tush, Tush. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Batsi. Comments: Traditional territory and way of life. Christian.

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Bezhta
[kap] Kakheti region: Qvareli district, Chatliskure and Saruso villages. 700 in Georgia (2006). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bezht’alas mits. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Tsezic, East Tsezic.

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Bohtan Neo-Aramaic
[bhn] Kvemo Kartli region: mainly Garbadani village. 1,000 in Georgia (1999 S. Fox). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern. Comments: Christian.

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Dido
[ddo] Kakheti region: Qvareli district, Ibtsokhi village. Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Tsezic, West Tsezic.

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Georgian
[kat] 3,900,000 in Georgia (1993 UBS). Ethnic population: 3,980,000 (1993 UBS). Total users in all countries: 4,347,320. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 8). Alternate Names: Common Kartvelian, Gruzinski, Kartuli. Dialects: Imeretian, Racha-Lexchxum (Lechkhum), Adzhar (Acharian), Imerxev Kartlian, Kaxetian (Kakhetian), Ingilo, Tush, Xevsur (Kheysur), Moxev (Mokhev), Pshav, Mtiul, Ferejdan, Meskhur-Javakhuri. Imerxev is in Turkey, Ferejdan may no longer be spoken in Iran. Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian. Comments: Adzhai Muslims are in Armenia. South Caucasian also called Kartvelian; Gruzinski is the Russian name. Christian, Muslim.

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Hunzib
[huz] Kakheti region: Lagodekhi municipality, Tkhilistsqaro, Qvareli district, Chatliskure village. 410 in Georgia (Koryakov 2006). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Hontl’os myts. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Tsezic, East Tsezic.

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Judeo-Georgian
[jge] Kvemo Kartli and Samtskhe-Javakheti regions; T’bilisi. 20,000 in Georgia (1995). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Oriental and Ashkenazic Jews in Georgia live separately. Judeo-Georgians live separately from non-Jewish Georgians. Jewish.

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Kvemo Kartli and Mtskheta-Mtianeti regions; T’bilisi area. 40,000 in Georgia (1991). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Kurdî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Yezidi.

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Laz
[lzz] Adjara region: a few villages. 1,000 in Georgia (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Chan, Chanuri, Chanzan, Laze, Lazuri, Zan. Dialects: Xopa (Hopa), Chxala (Ckhala), Vice-Arxava (Vital-Arkhava), Atina, Samurzakan-Zugdidi, Senaki. Classification: Kartvelian, Zan. Comments: Muslim.

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Mingrelian
[xmf] Abkhazia region: Ochamchira and Gali municipalities; Guria region: Lanchkhuti municipality; Imereti region: Samtredia and Tsqaltubo municipalities; Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti region: Tsageri municipality; Samegrelo-Zemo Svateni region: southern half; all in west lowlands. 500,000 (1989 B. Hewitt). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Margali, Margaluri, Megrel, Megrelian, Megruli. Dialects: None known. Officially considered a single language with Laz [lzz] called Zan, but linguists recognize they are not inherently mutually intelligible. Classification: Kartvelian, Zan. Comments: Christian.

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Ossetic
[oss] Imereti region: Sachkhere municipality; Kvemo Kartli region: small border areas near T’bilisi; Mtskheta-Mtianeti region: Akhalagori and Mtskheta municipalities; Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti region: Oni municipality; Shida Kartli region: Gori and Tskhinvali municipalities. 100,000 in Georgia (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Osetin, Ossete, Ossetian. Dialects: Digor (Digorian, Digoron, Dogor), Iron, Kudar (South Osetin). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Northeastern. Comments: Christian.

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Russian
[rus] 372,000 in Georgia. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Svan
[sva] Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti region: Lentekhi municipality; Samegrelo-Zemo Svateni region: Mestiya municipality. 15,000 (2000 A. Kibrik). Ethnic population: 15,000 (2000 A. Kibrik). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Lushnu, Svanuri. Dialects: Upper Bal, Lower Bal, Lashx, Lentex. Classification: Kartvelian, Svan. Comments: Many Georgian [kat] speakers still claim Svan ethnicity (Salminen 2007). Christian.

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Urum
[uum] Shida Kartli region: Gori area. 97,700 in Georgia (2000). Total users in all countries: 192,700. Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: A number of inherently intelligible dialects. Classification: Turkic. Comments: Ethnic Greek speakers.

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