Honduras

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Ch’orti’
[caa] Copán department: along Guatemala border. 10 in Honduras (1997 R. Reeck). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Classification: Mayan, Yucatecan-Core Mayan, Core Mayan, Cholan-Tzeltalan, Cholan, Chorti-Cholti.

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English
[eng] Islas de la Bahía department: large cities along north mainland coast. 31,500 in Honduras (2001). 22,500 Bay Islands English speakers on the north coast. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Bay Islands English. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous. Some creole influence.

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Garifuna
[cab] Atlántida and Colón departments; Cortes department: north coast between Masca and Plaplaya in Gracias a Dios department; Islas de la Bahía (Roatan island) department; cities: La Ceiba, Puerto Cortés, San Pedro Sula, and Tegucigalpa; 37 villages. 98,000 in Honduras (Rivas 1993). 100 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 188,140. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Black Carib, Caribe, Central American Carib, Garífuna, Island Carib. Dialects: Western Garifuna. Eastern Garifuna dialect is in Honduras and Nicaragua (leaves out, r, and tends to shorten words), Western Garifuna in Guatemala and Belize. Related to Island Carib [car], with Spanish [spa], English [eng], and French [fra] borrowings. Classification: Maipurean, Northern, Maritime, Ta-Maipurean, Iñeri. Comments: Ancestors taken from Saint Vincent Island in 1796–1797, and taken to Roatan Island. Most went to Trujillo, Honduras in 1937. About 35 years later political troubles threatened their existence, and they fled further east into Honduras and Belize. Later they emigrated to other countries. Christian, traditional religion.

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Honduras Sign Language
[hds] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Honduran Sign Language, Lengua de Señas Hondureñas, LESHO. Dialects: Regional variations: deaf people along the North coast have some distinct signs from deaf people in the southern part of the country. Classification: Sign language.

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Lenca
[len] Comayagua, Francisco Morazán, Intibucá, La Paz, Lempira, and Valle departments. No known L1 speakers. Some semi-speakers (Adelaar 2007). Ethnic population: 100,000. Status: 9 (Dormant). Dialects: None known. Some considered it Macro-Chibchan. Classification: Lencan.

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Mayangna
[yan] Colón department: southeast corner; Gracias a Dios and Olancho departments: between Patuca and Wanki rivers. 700 in Honduras (1997 SIL). Ethnic population: 1,030 (McSweeney 2002). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Sumu. Dialects: Twahka. Classification: Misumalpan.

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Mískito
[miq] Colón department; Gracias a Dios and Olancho departments, south, Coco river watershed; coastal area, and northwest from Puerto Lempira. 29,000 in Honduras (Rivas 1993). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Marquito, Mískitu, Mísquito, Mosquito. Classification: Misumalpan.

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Pech
[pay] Colón department: near Caribbean coast; Olancho department: Dulce Nombre de Culmi and Catamacas municipalities. 990 (Rivas 1993). Ethnic population: 2,590 (Rivas 1993). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Paya, Seco. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan B. Comments: Much community interest to preserve the Pech language, and some work is being done to preserve it.

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Spanish
[spa] 7,980,000 in Honduras (2011). L2 users: 148,000 in Honduras (2011). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1982, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Castellano, Español. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Tol
[jic] Francisco Morazán department: Montaña de la Flor and Yoro. 350 (1997). Ethnic population: 19,600 (1990 Educación Comunitaria para la Salud-Honduras). 19,000 in Yoro Department. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Jicaque, Tolpan, Xicaque. Dialects: No distinct dialects. It may be distantly related to Subtiaba [sut] of Nicaragua (no remaining speakers), Malinaltepec Me’phaa [tcf] of Mexico, or the Hokan languages. Classification: Jicaquean. Comments: Christian, traditional religion.

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