Croatia

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Bosnian
[bos] 20,800 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Ijekavían, Ikavian. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Influences from Turkish [tur] and Arabic [arb].

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Croatia Sign Language
[csq] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Sometimes regarded as a dialect of Yugoslavian Sign Language [ysl] (Bickford 2005); further research needed. Classification: Deaf sign language

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Croatian
[hrv] 4,200,000 in Croatia (ELDIA 2006). Population total all countries: 5,752,090. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1). Alternate Names: Hrvatski Dialects: Chakavski, Kaykavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible. A member of macrolanguage Serbo-Croatian [hbs]. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Formerly considered part of the Serbo-Croat language. Christian.

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Czech
[ces] 10,500 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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Hungarian
[hun] 16,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Uralic

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Istriot
[ist] Istrian Peninsula west coast, Rovinj (Rovigno), Bale (Valle), Galižana (Gallesano) and Vodnjan (Dignano) towns. 400 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 900 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istro-Romance Dialects: None known. An archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro Romanian [ruo]. Perhaps more similar to Friulian [fur] or Dalmatian than to Istro Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

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Italian
[ita] Istria, Iatarska County. 19,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Ethnic population: 30,000 (1998). L2 users: 600,000 in Croatia (ELDIA 2006). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Istria County (2003, Istrian Regional Statute, Article 6), per Italian bilateral treaty 1996. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

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Romani, Sinte
[rmo] 131,000 in Croatia. Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern

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Romanian, Istro
[ruo] Northeast Istrian Peninsula, Žejane village, villages south. 300 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 1,100 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istrio-Romanian, Istro-Romanian Dialects: None known. Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Different from Istriot [ist]. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern

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Rusyn
[rue] 2,340 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

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Serbian
[srp] 202,000 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

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Slovak
[slk] 4,710 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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Slovene
[slv] Rijeka, Zagreb, Istra. 22,800 in Croatia. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Slovenian Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western

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Ukrainian
[ukr] 1,980 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

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Venetian
[vec] Istrian Peninsula and Dalmatia. 50,000 in Croatia (1994 T. Salminen). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Istrian, Tretine, Venetian Proper. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian

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