Haiti

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French
[fra] 600 in Haiti (2004). L2 users: 400,000 in Haiti. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national working language (1987, Constitution, Article 5(2)). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French

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Haitian
[hat] Widespread. 6,960,000 in Haiti (2001). Population total all countries: 7,731,240. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution, Article 5 (1,2)). Alternate Names: Creole, Haitian Creole Dialects: Fablas, Plateau Haitian Creole. Linguistic influences from Wolof [wol], Fon [fon], and Éwé [ewe] of West Africa. Classification: Creole, French based Comments: In 1961 granted legal and educational status in Haiti. A growing literature, including poetry. Lower social status than standard French.

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Haitian Vodoun Culture Language
[hvc] No known L1 speakers. Status: 9 (Second language only). Alternate Names: Langaj, Langay Classification: Unclassified Comments: Probably not a separate language but consists of a broad spectrum of religious words, songs, and incantations drawing on multiple African languages which are used in Voudoun ceremonies. Some of these are kept secret and used only by initiates. (2012 J. Rigdon).

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