[deu] Mostly west. 33,800 in Hungary (2001 census). Ethnic population: 88,400. Status: 4 (Educational). Language of recognized nationality (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German Comments: Germans in Hungary speak varieties other than standard German at home.
[hun] Widespread. Also in Australia, Austria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Israel, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Ukraine, United States. 9,550,000 in Hungary (2001 census). 60,000–70,000 in Romania and Moldova speak Csango. Population total all countries: 12,319,330. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Magyar Dialects: Central Transdanubian, North-eastern Hungarian, Palóc, Southern Great Plains, Southern Transdanubian, Tisza–Körös, Western Transdanubian. Most similar to the Uralic language Vogul (Mansi [mns]) in Siberia. Speakers of standard Hungarian have difficulty understanding the Oberwart dialect spoken in Austria, and considerable difficulty understanding the Moldavian Csángó dialect spoken in Rumania. Classification: Uralic Comments: Ethnic autonym: Magyar.
Hungarian Sign Language
[hsh] Widespread. 30,000–60,000 deaf. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Magyar Jelnyelv, Magyarországi jelnyelv Dialects: Budapest, Debrecen, Eger, Kaposvár, Sopron, Szeged, Vác. Related to Austrian Sign Language [asq]. Dialects have some different signs for lexical items, but similar or the same grammar. Classification: Deaf sign language
[rmn] 48,700 claimed ‘cigány’ (Romani or Boyash, an archaic dialect of Romanian [ron] which is unrelated to Romani) as L1 (2001 census). Ethnic population: 190,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Beás, Cigány, Roma Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan
[slv] Near Slovenia border. 3,190 in Hungary (2001 census). Ethnic population: 3,440. Status: 4 (Educational). Language of recognized nationality (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Slovenian Dialects: Prekmurski. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western