[deu] Mostly west. 38,200 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 132,000 (2011 census). L2 users: 1,790,000 in Hungary (ELDIA 2012). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German Comments: Germans in Hungary speak varieties other than standard German at home.
[hun] Widespread. 9,840,000 in Hungary (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 12,606,130. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Magyar Dialects: Central Transdanubian, North-eastern Hungarian, Palóc, Southern Great Plains, Southern Transdanubian, Tisza–Körös, Western Transdanubian. Reportedly most similar to the Uralic language Vogul (Mansi [mns]) in Siberia. Speakers of standard Hungarian have difficulty understanding the Oberwart dialect spoken in Austria, and considerable difficulty understanding the Moldavian Csángó dialect spoken in Rumania. Classification: Uralic Comments: Ethnic autonym: Magyar.
Hungarian Sign Language
[hsh] Widespread. 300,000. Population includes both L1 or L2 users. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Magyar Jelnyelv, Magyarországi jelnyelv Dialects: Budapest, Debrecen, Eger, Kaposvár, Sopron, Szeged, Vác. Related to Austrian Sign Language [asq]. Dialects have some different signs for lexical items, but similar or the same grammar. Classification: Deaf sign language
[ron] East; Budapest. 13,900 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 26,300 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian Dialects: Boyash Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Substantial literature.