[isl] 300,000 in Iceland (2015 S. Ager). Population total all countries: 313,840. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Íslenska Dialects: No appreciable dialect differences (Nida 1972). Not inherently intelligible with Faroese [fao]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, West Scandinavian
Icelandic Sign Language
[icl] Mainly in the Reykjavik area. 300 (2010 The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture). 250 (2014 EUD). 1,400 (2014 IMB). Status: 6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2011, Act. No. 61). Alternate Names: Íslenskt Táknmál, ÍTM Dialects: None known. Significant mutual intelligibility between Icelandic Sign Language and Danish Sign Language [dsl] (Brynjólfsdóttir etal. 2012). Based on Danish Sign Language [dsl]. Until 1910, deaf children were sent to school in Denmark; but the languages have diverged since then (Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Lexical similarity: 66% with Danish Sign Language [dsl] (Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: 27 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Committee on national sign language. Research institute. Signed interpretation provided for college students. Instruction for parents of deaf children. The Communication Centre for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing provides interpreter services, ÍTM courses and consultation for families of deaf children. Interpreter training, ÍTM grammar and Deaf studies are taught at the University of Iceland. Christian (Protestant).