Kyrgyzstan

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Dungan
[dng] Largest enclave in Ysyk-Kol Region near Karakol; others in Chuy Region, in Bishkek and 2 small nearby border areas. 56,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 58,100 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 108,400. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Dzhunyan, Huizu, Kwuizwu, Tungan, Zwn’jan. Dialects: Ganzu (Gansu), Shaanxi (Shensi), Yage. Shaanxi and Ganzu varieties have difficult mutual inherent intelligibility. Debate over whether Dungan has 3 tones (a merging of 2 standard Mandarin tones) or 4 tones (with only a partial merging of the 2 standard Mandarin tones). Different from Mandarin [cmn] in phonology and lexicon. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese. Comments: Came from China over 100 years ago. Muslim.

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German, Standard
[deu] 2,700 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 9,500 (2009 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Kyrgyz
[kir] Widespread. 3,830,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 3,800,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 4,568,480. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 5 (1)). Alternate Names: Kara-Kirgiz, Kirghiz, Kirgiz. Dialects: Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian. Comments: The names Eastern Kyrghyz and Western Kyrghyz have been erroneously applied to Kazakh. Increasing education. Muslim, Buddhist.

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Russian
[rus] Concentrated around Lake Ysyk Kol in Ysyk-Kol region; otherwise, widespread throughout country. 482,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 420,000 (2009 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(2)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Tajiki
[tgk] Scattered, mostly in south. 42,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 46,100 (2009 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Alternate Names: Tojiki. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] Scattered, mostly in south. 773,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 768,000 (2009 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (1997, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Classification: Turkic, Eastern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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